-ius

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Evolution and sound change from Old Latin *-os, *-ios, itself a conservative version of a Proto-Indo-European thematic case ending.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ius m (feminine -ia, neuter -ium); first/second declension

  1. forming adjectives from nouns

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -ius -ia -ium -iī -iae -ia
genitive -iī -iae -iī -iōrum -iārum -iōrum
dative -iō -iae -iō -iīs -iīs -iīs
accusative -ium -iam -ium -iōs -iās -ia
ablative -iō -iā -iō -iīs -iīs -iīs
vocative -ie -ia -ium -iī -iae -ia

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -ius is added to a noun to form an adjective indicating "made of" or "belonging to" that noun.

Examples:
patrius (paternal), from pater (father)
rēgius (kingly, royal), from rēx (king, ruler)
uxōrius (uxorious), from uxor (wife)

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]