-ken

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The form -ke(n) is the original Dutch diminutive suffix, cognate with standard German -chen and regional German -ken. The modern standard Dutch -tje and its variants are derived from -ke(n) through palatalisation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ken n (plural -kens)

  1. Alternative form of -ke

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

-ken

  1. rōmaji reading of けん

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

German Low German form of standard -chen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ken n (plural -kes)

  1. (colloquial, regional, northern Germany, Westphalia) used to make diminutives
    Häusken ‑ little house
    Dörfkes ‑ small villages

Usage notes[edit]

After stops, particulary after k, a linking -s- is often inserted: Päcksken = standard Päckchen (parcel).

Derived terms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ken

  1. while, when
    19 yaşımdayken
    when I was 19