-nél

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Case suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-nél

  1. (case suffix) at. Used to form the adessive case.
    Az épületnél várt rám. - He was waiting for me at the building.
Usage notes[edit]
  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nál is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    a hegy lába (the foot of the mountain) →‎ a hegy lábánálat the foot of the mountain
    -nél is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    az ágy feje (the head of the bed) →‎ az ágy fejénélat the head of the bed

Etymology 2[edit]

-né (conditional suffix) +‎ -l (personal suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-nél

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs (conditional mood, indefinite conjugation).
    kér (to ask) → kérnél (you would ask)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (personal suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -nál is added to most back vowel verbs
    vár (to wait) → várnál (you would wait)
    -nél is added to most front vowel verbs
    kér (to ask) → kérnél (you would ask)
    -anál is added to back vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t (exceptions áll, száll, varr, forr, lát)
    mond (to say something) → mondanál (you would say something)
    tanít (to teach) → tanítanál (you would teach)
    -enél is added to front vowel verbs ending in two consonants or in a long vowel + t
    fest (to paint) → festenél (you would paint)
    segít (to help) → segítenél (you would help)

See also[edit]