-nis

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See also: nis, Nis, NIS, niś, niš, Niš, ñiś, and -niß

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch -nissi, -nussi, from Proto-Germanic *-nassuz.

Suffix[edit]

-nis f (plural -nissen)

  1. -ness

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to English -ness. More there.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix 1[edit]

-nis n (genitive -nisses, plural -nisse)

  1. A noun suffix, for derivation from a verb or adjective
    hindern (to hamper) → Hindernis (an obstacle)
    geheim (secret) → Geheimnis (a secret)

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix 2[edit]

-nis f (genitive -nis, plural -nisse)

  1. A noun suffix, for derivation from a verb or adjective (the same as suffix 1)
    erlauben (to permit) → Erlaubnis (permission)
    finster (dark) → Finsternis (darkness)

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is no perfect rule to determine whether a noun with the suffix -nis is neuter (→ suffix 1) or feminine (→ suffix 2). The former may be concrete or abstract, whereas the latter are almost exclusively abstract.


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nis f

  1. Used to form abstract nouns, usually from adjectives, denoting quality or state. See -nes