-tion

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English -cioun, Old French -tion, -cion, borrowed from the stem of Latin suffix -tiō. The Middle English -cioun became -tion in Modern English under the influence of the Middle French -tion and original Latin spellings.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-tion

  1. (non-productive) Used to form nouns meaning "the action of (a verb)" or "the result of (a verb)". Words ending in this suffix are almost always derived from a similar Latin word; a few (eg gumption) are not derived from Latin and are unrelated to any verb.
    termination (terminate)
    deletion (delete)
    ignition (ignite)
    motion (move)
    resolution (resolve)
    derivation (derive)
    action (act)
    justification (justify)
    junction (join)
    connection (connect); also, especially formerly, connexion
    gumption (no related verb)
    communication (communicate)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed as a learned form from Latin suffix -tione, ending of the singular ablative of those nouns ending with -tio (part of the Latin third declension). The original inherited form of the suffix, -on/-son (or -aison from -ātionem), is today less common but can be found in words such as raison, saison, chanson, venaison, oraison, garnison, etc.

Suffix[edit]

-tion

  1. Used to indicate action, condition, result or effect, similar to the English suffix.

Derived terms[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-tion f (genitive -tion, plural -tionen)

  1. -tion

Derived terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-tion

  1. -tion; making nouns. See also -else, -ing and -ning.

Derived terms[edit]