-trix

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-trih₂ Cognate with the Sanskrit suffix -त्री (-trī) as in जनित्री (janitrī, mother); compare genetrix.

The origin of the medial -c- is unknown. Compare Proto-Slavic *-ica with the same element, and also with secondary thematicization.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-trīx f (genitive -trīcis); third declension

  1. -ess, -rix; used to form a feminine agent noun
  2. Used to form feminine versions of adjectives (in the same way as above), often with a poetic quality and/or a negative connotation

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix -trīx is added to a verb to create a third-declension feminine form of an agent noun.

Examples:
cantrīx (female singer); feminine counterpart of cantor (male singer), from canō (I sing)
tōnstrīx (female hair cutter); feminine counterpart of tōnsōr (male hair cutter), from tondeō (I shear, shave)
meretrīx (prostitute", lit. "she who earns), from mereō (I merit, deserve, earn)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative -trīx -trīcēs
genitive -trīcis -trīcum
dative -trīcī -trīcibus
accusative -trīcem -trīcēs
ablative -trīce -trīcibus
vocative -trīx -trīcēs

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]