-ums

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See also: ums

Dutch[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ums

  1. Plural form of -um

Synonyms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *-umas, possibly from an earlier suffix *-ma(s) added to a u-stem (e.g., Lithuanian saugùs (safe, sure), saugù-mas), from which the u was reinterpreted as part of the suffix and then extended to other stems. Cognate with Lithuanian -umas.[1]

Suffix[edit]

-ums

  1. Added to adjectives to form nouns indicating a state of being, similar to (and frequently corresponding to) English -ness, -ence, -tion.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forssman, Berthold. 2001. Lettische Grammatik (Dettelbach: Verlag J. H. Röll GmbH) ISBN: 3-89754-194-7, page 258.