-ut-

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See also: ut

Esperanto[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

An extension of the participle paradigm by analogy with the finite tenses: The u vowel of conditional-mood -us plus the t of the other passive participles, -at-, -it-, -ot-.

Suffix[edit]

-ut-

  1. (nominal) -uto One who would undergo the action of the root
    viziti (to visit) → vizituto (one who would be visited)
    mortigi (to kill) → mortiguto (one who would be killed)
  2. (adjectival) -uta The passive conditional participle
    fari (to make; to do) → faruta (which would be made/done)
    venki (to defeat) → venkuta (which would be defeated)

Usage notes[edit]

This rarely used suffix is not officially accepted by the World Esperanto Association, which attempts to regulate usage.

See also[edit]