Aotearoa

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Maori Aotearoa (long white cloud; North Island; New Zealand), possibly from ao (cloud, daytime, world) + tea (white) + roa (long, tall); often translated as "the land of the long white cloud". Assuming this, is probably a reference to the appearance of mountainous land when seen on the horizon from a canoe after an ocean voyage. Originally was in reference to the North Island only. The first recorded mention of Aotearoa as a name for New Zealand as a whole was in 1898 in The Long White Cloud Ao-tea-roa by William Pember Reeves.

Original name known by the indigenous Polynesian population as Te Ika Nui A Maui or Te Ika-a-Māui, The great fish of Maui , from te (the) + ika (fish) + nui (big, great, large) + a (of) + Māui (a Polynesian demigod);

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • (native) IPA(key): [ˈaoteaˌɾoa], /ˈaʊtɛəˌrəʊə/
  • (New Zealand) IPA(key): [ˈæoteəˌɹɐʉɘ], [ˈæotiəˌɹɐʉɘ]

Proper noun[edit]

Aotearoa

  1. (chiefly New Zealand, obsolete) The North Island of New Zealand.
  2. (chiefly New Zealand) New Zealand.
    • 1981, Split Enz, Six Months in a Leaky Boat:
      Aotearoa / rugged individual / glistens like a pearl at the bottom of the world [...].
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin 2010, p. 877:
      The Maori in Aotearoa (the pair of major islands which Europeans have known as New Zealand) were part of the same oceanic culture.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Dictionary of New Zealand English: A Dictionary of New Zealandisms on Historical Principles, H. W. Orsman (editor), Oxford University Press (Auckland), 1997.
  • The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary, T. Deverson & G. Kennedy (editors), Oxford University Press (Victoria), 2005
  • The Penguin History of New Zealand, M. King, Penguin Books (Auckland), 2004

References[edit]

  • The Dictionary of New Zealand English: A Dictionary of New Zealandisms on Historical Principles, H. W. Orsman (editor), Oxford University Press (Auckland), 1997.
  • The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary, T. Deverson & G. Kennedy (editors), Oxford University Press (Victoria), 2005
  • The Penguin History of New Zealand, M. King, Penguin Books (Auckland), 2004

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Maori Aotearoa in the 20th century.

Proper noun[edit]

Aotearoa

  1. New Zealand

Synonyms[edit]


Maori[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Aotearoa

  1. (obsolete) North Island (of New Zealand)
  2. New Zealand