Appendix:Avestan alphabet

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Wiktionary standard transliteration[edit]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
𐬀 𐬁 𐬂 𐬃 𐬄 𐬅 𐬆 𐬇 𐬈 𐬉 𐬊 𐬋 𐬌 𐬍 𐬎 𐬏 𐬐 𐬑 𐬒 𐬓 𐬔 𐬕 𐬖 𐬗 𐬘 𐬙 𐬚 𐬛 𐬜 𐬝 𐬞
a ā å ā̊ ą ą̇̇ ə ə̄ e ē o ō i ī u ū k x xᵛ g ġ γ c j t θ d δ p
32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62
𐬟 𐬠 𐬡 𐬢 𐬣 𐬤 𐬥 𐬦 𐬧 𐬨 𐬩 𐬪 𐬫 𐬬 𐬭 𐬮 𐬯 𐬰 𐬱 𐬲 𐬳 𐬴 𐬵 𐬸 𐬹 𐬺 𐬻 𐬼 𐬽 𐬾 𐬿
f b β ŋ ŋ́ ŋᵛ n ń m y v r l s z š ž š́ ṣ̌ h


The following table provides a comparative overview of the various transcription/transliteration schemes employed by various major scholars or works in the 19th and 20th century:

Author 𐬁 𐬀 𐬍 𐬌 𐬏 𐬎 𐬆 𐬇 𐬉 𐬈 𐬋 𐬊 𐬃 𐬄 𐬐 𐬑 𐬔 𐬖 𐬗 𐬘 𐬙 𐬚 𐬛 𐬜 𐬝
Wiktionary a ā i ī u ū ə ə̄ e ē o ō ā̊ ą k x g γ c j t θ d δ
Anquetil du Perron a,e ā e, ī o ou é é é é o ō āo an k, c kh g gh tch dj t th d d d
Rask a ā i ī u ū œ [ä] œ̄ e e o ō āo ą k q g γ c j t þ d đ ŧ
Burnouf a ā i ī u ū e è ē ē o ō āo ã k kh g gh tch dj t th d dh
Spiegel a ā i ī u ū (ĕ) e é (ē)e (ē)ẹ o ō āo (ań)ã k kh g gh (ch) c j t th d dh (ṭ) ḍ
Haug a ā i ī u ū e ê ē ē o ō āo ã k kh g gh (ch) ć (ǵ) j t th d dh (t, ṭ) ḍ
Lepsius a ā i ī u ū e ē ẹ ẹ̄ o ō å ã k [kʿ] χ g [gʿ] γ (ḱ) č [ǵ] ǰ t [tʿ] θ d dʿ δ
Justi a ā i ī u ū e é ē ē o ō āo ã k kh g gh c j t th d dh
Roth a ā i ī u ū e é ē ē o ō āo ã k kh g gh c ǵ t th d dh (t, ṭ) t
Fr. Müller a ā i ī u ū (ĕ) e̥ (é) ē̥ e ē o, o ō ā̊ ã k χ g γ ć ǵ t θ d δ
Hübschmann a ā i ī u ū e ē ẹ ẹ̄ o ō å (ã) ą k (χ) x g γ (c) č (j) ǰ t θ d δ (θ̇, δ̇) ṫ, ḋ
Pischel a ā i ī u ū e ē ẹ ẹ̄ o ō ā̊ ą k g δ (c) k̇ (j) ġ t þ d đ t̲, d̲
de Harlez a ā i ī u ū e é è ē o ō o͞o ã k g ǵ c j t t' d d' δ
Sacred Books a ā i ï u ū e e ē ē o ō au ã k kh g gh k g t th d dh t
Geldner a ā i ī u ū e (é) ê (ē)e ē o ō āo ã k kh g gh c (ǵ) j t th d dh (t) ṭ
Bartholomae a ā i ī u ū e ē ẹ ẹ̄ o ō (āo) ā̊ (ã) ą k (kh, χ, x) ⱨ g (gh, γ) δ (ḱ, c) k̇ (ǵ, j) ġ t (th, θ) þ d (dh, δ) đ (ḍ, θ̣, δ̣) þ̱
Brugmann a ā i ī u ū e ē ẹ ẹ̄ o ō ā̊ ą k x g γ c j t þ d đ þ̱, đ̱
Author 𐬟 𐬞 𐬡 𐬠 𐬫 𐬌𐬌 𐬭 𐬬 𐬎𐬎 𐬢 𐬣 𐬥 𐬧 𐬨 𐬯 𐬱 𐬴 𐬳 𐬰 𐬲 𐬵 𐬒 𐬓 𐬩
Wiktionary p f b β y y r v v ŋ ŋ́ n m s š ṣ̌ š́ z ž h xᵛ
Anquetil du Perron p f b v i ï r v ōu ng ng n ān m s sch sch sch z j h kh kh hm
Rask p f b v y y r w w ñ n N m ç s s' sk z z' h x x M
Burnouf p f b w y y r v v ng ng n ñ m ç s ch sk z j h q q hm
Spiegel p f b w y y r v v ġ n ñ m (ç) s (s) sh (sh) s' (sk) shk z (j̈) zh h q q, hv hm
Haug p f b w y y r v v (ṅ) ṇ (ń) n, ṅ n ñ m (ç) s (s) sh sh (sk) shk z (ź) zh h q q -
Lepsius p [pʿ] f b [bʿ] ṿ y y r v w ṅ́ n ñ m [š́] ś s š sk [š] [ž́] ź z h ʿv ʿv ʿm
Justi p f b w y y r v v ń n ñ m ç s sh sk z zh h q q -
Roth p f b w j j r v v ń n ñ m ç s sh sk z zh h q q -
Fr. Müller p f b (w)v j j r (v)w (v)w ń n ñ m s š šh šk z ž h q q -
Hübschmann p f b (β)w y y r v v (ń) ṅ́ n ñ m s š ṣ̌ (šk, š) š́ z ž h (ḥ) x' (hƑ) xw hm (mʿ)
Pischel p f b w y (y) i̯ r v (v) u̯ (ṅ) ŋ (ñ) ṅ n ň m s ṣ̌ - z h (h·) ḫ -
de Harlez p f b w y y r v v ǹ ń n ñ m ç s ś sh śk z zh h hᵛ hᵛ hm
Sacred Books p f b w y y r v v ng N n n m s s sh sk z zh h hv hv -
Geldner p f b w (j) y (j) y r v v ṅ́ ń n (n) ñ m (ç) s (s, ś, sh) š (sh) š (sk, sh) š z (zh) ž h (q) ḥ q hv -
Bartholomae p (φ)f b (β)w j (y) (j) i̯ r v (v) u̯ (ṅ, n̄) ŋ (ń) ň n (ñ, ň) n m s (š, ṣ) š (sh, ṣ̌) š (šk, ṣ̌, ṡ) š z (ž, ẓ) ž h (q, h·) ḥ (q, hᵛ) ḫ ʿm
Brugmann p f b w y y r v v ŋ ň n n m s š́ š ṣ̌́ z ž h x' xw -