Appendix:Basic Arabic phrases

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Note that this is relevant only to Modern Standard Arabic (a Semitic language) and not to the colloquial forms of Arabic spoken in daily life, which vary from place to place. Also, some of the following expressions were written only to suit a male speaker.

Pronunciation guide: Stress in Arabic is most often on the penultimate syllable (i.e., the one preceding the last).

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Arabic العربيّة /alʕaraˈbijja/ (al-ara'beeya)
hello/welcome مرحبًا /marˈħaba/ (mar'Haban)
see you إلى اللقاء /ilalliˈqaːʔ/ (ila-lli'qa')
goodbye مع السلامة /maʕa asːaˈlaːma/ (ma-a ssa'la:ma)
please من فضلك /min ˈfadˁlak/ (min 'fadlak)
thanks شكرًا /ˈʃukran/ ('Shukran)
that one ذلك /ˈðalika/ ('Dalika)
How much/How many? كمْ؟ /kam/ (kam)
English الإنجليزيّة /alʔind͡ʒliˈzijja/ (formal),/alʔinkliˈzijja/ (colloquial) ('injliziyya),('inkliziyya)
yes نعم /ˈnaʕam/ ('na-am)
no لا /laː/ (la:)
Where's the bathroom? أين الحمّام؟ /ʔajna lħamːaːm/ (eina-Ham'ma:m)
What is your name? ما اسمك؟ /ˈmasmuk/ ('masmuk)
I don’t know لا أعرف /laː ˈʕarifu/ (la: 'aarifu)
I have no clue. لا أدري /laː ʔadriː/ (la: 'adri:)
I don’t understand لا أفهم /laː ˈʔafham/ (la: 'afham)
I don’t remember لا أتذكر /laː ʔataˈðakkar/ (la: ata'Dakkar)
Welcome أهلاً وسهلاً بكم /ˈahlan waˈsahlan ˈbikum/ ('ahlan wa'sahlan 'bikum)
I am sick أنا مريض /ʔana maˈriːdˁ/ ('ana ma'ri:d/)
Hello السلام عليكم /assaˈlaːm ʕaˈlejkum/ (assa'la:m aa'laykum)
Hello (response), how are you? وعليكم السلام! كيف الحال؟ /waʕaˈlejkumu ssaˈlaːm. kejfa lħaːl/ (wa-a'lejkumu ssa'la:m. kejfa lHa:l)
Fine, and you? بخير، الحمد لله. وكيف أنت؟ /biˈxajrin, alˈħamdu lilˁˈlˁahi. waˈkejfa ʔint/ (bi'xejrin, al'Hamdu lil/'l/ahi. wa'kejfa int)
Bye ودعا /wada:ʕan/ (Wida'an)
Where is the airport? أين المطار؟ /ʔajna ʔalmɑtˁɑːr/ (Ayna al-maTa:r?)
Help! !النجدة /ʔanːad͡ʒda/ (Annajda:)
I am hungry. أنا جائع /ʔana d͡ʒaːʔiʕ/ (Ana ju:a:n)
I feel tired. أشعر بالتعب /ʔaʃʕur bitːaʕb/ (Ash'ur bitta'b)