Appendix:Basic Estonian phrases

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Here are some basic phrases in Estonian (a Finno-Ugric language)

Translation Phrase IPA Comments
Estonian (language) eesti keel [ˈe:s.ti ke:l]
hello tere [ˈte.re]
good-bye head aega [heɑd.ˈɑe.gɑ] literally "(have a) good time"
please palun [ˈpɑ.lun] literally "I beg"
thank you aitäh
tänan
[ɑi.ˈtæh]
[ˈtæ.nɑn]

(a more formal expression, it literally means “I thank (you)”.)
you're welcome palun
pole tänu väärt
võta heaks
[ˈpɑ.lun]
[ˈpo.le tæ.nu ˈvæ:rt]
[ˈvɤ.tɑ heɑks]

literally "not worthy of a thanks"
this see [se:]
that one too
see
[to:]
[se:]
how much? kui palju? [kui ˈpɑl.ju]
English inglise keel [ˈing.li.se ke:l]
yes jah [jɑh]
no ei [ei]
sorry vabandage
vabandust
[ˈvɑ.bɑn.dɑ.ge]
[ˈvɑ.bɑn.dust]
I don’t understand ma ei saa aru [mɑ ei sɑ: ˈɑ.ru]
generic toast terviseks [ˈter.vi.seks] literally "to/for health"
Do you speak English? kas te räägite inglise keelt? [kɑs te ˈræ:.gi.te ˈing.li.se ke:lt]
Where is the bathroom/toilet? kus on tualett/WC? [kus on ˈtuɑ.lett/ve:tse:]
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! häid jõule ja õnnelikku uut aastat! [hæid ˈjɤu.le ja ˈɤn.ne.lik.ku u:t ɑ:s.tɑt]