Appendix:Dictionary notes/civilization

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Noun[edit]

gloss W1913 [1] WN [2] OED [3] RHU [4] CC [5] DCE [6] MW3 [7] AH4 [8] MQ4 [9]
act of civilizing 1 - 2 4 4 4 - 3 4
state of being civilized (included in 1) - (included in 3) - - - - - -
national culture (included in 1) 2 - - - - (included in 1) - -
rendering a criminal process civil 2 (law, obsolete) - 1 (obsolete, law) - 1 (obsolete) - - - -
refinement (included in 1) 3 - 5 6 (incl. "conformity") 5 - 4 -
advanced, complex society - 1 3 1 2b2 1 1 1 1
peoples who have achieved civilization - - - 2 7a 2 - - 2
culture of a specific place or group - - - 3 2b1 3 (included in 1) 2 3
populated/urban areas - - - 6 7b ("city life") 6 - - -
modern conveniences - - - 7 - - 3 5 -
ideal human culture - - - - 2a - - - -
process of being/becoming civilized - - (included in 2) (included in 4) 3 - - (included in 3) -
all advances of human culture - - - - 5 - - - -
all human societies - - - - - - 2 - -

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://machaut.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/WEBSTER.sh?WORD=civilization
  2. ^ http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=civilization
  3. ^ http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/50016262 (subscription)
  4. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/civilization
  5. ^ 2001, HarperCollins Publishers, “civilisation”, in Collins Concise Dictionary, 5th ed., ISBN 0-00-710978-4, page 273:
  6. ^ 2003, Pearson Education Ltd., “civilization”, in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, 4th ed., ISBN 0-582-77648-1, page 267:
  7. ^ http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/cgi-bin/unabridged?va=civilization (subscription)
  8. ^ http://www.bartleby.com/61/79/C0377900.html
  9. ^ http://www.macquariedictionary.com.au/ (subscription)