Appendix:English terms where 'ch' sounds as 'sh'
The ch digraph in English represents at least three phonemes, and a particularly less common phoneme for it is /ʃ/, as opposed to /tʃ/ or /k/, the latter mostly in words of Greek origin. Almost all terms in this list are loanwords from Modern French; some, like Chicago and Michigan originated as French transliterations of words from other langauges. Formerly, /tʃ/ was the usual pronunciation of for ch in French, but has been /ʃ/ for centuries. (Currently French uses the trigraph tch for /tʃ/.)
|accouchement||Delivery in childbed; parturition.||IPA(key): /a.kuʃ.ˈmɑœ̃/|
|babiche||Thongs of rawhide or sinew used as cord, lacing, or webbing, in the manufacture of snowshoes, etc.||IPA(key): /bəˈbiːʃ/, /bæˈbiːʃ/|
|brioche||A type of bun, of French origin.||IPA(key): /ˈbɹi.oʊʃ/|
|brochure||A booklet of printed informational matter.||IPA(key): /bɹoʊˈʃʊɚ/, /bɹoʊˈʃɝ/|
|cache||A concealed storage of objects that may be required.||IPA(key): /kæʃ/, /kæɪʃ/|
|cartouche||An ornamental figure, often on an oval shield.||IPA(key): /kɑɹˈtuʃ/, /kɑːˈtuːʃ/|
|chagrin||Distress of a mind; a type of leather; to vex or mortify.||IPA(key): /ʃəˈɡɹɪn/, /ˈʃæɡ.ɹɪn/|
|chaise||A particular horse-drawn carriage.||IPA(key):|
|An alpine style of wooden building with a sloping roof and overhanging eaves.||IPA(key): /ʃæleɪ/|
|challis||A light, soft fabric having a printed design.||IPA(key): /ˈʃæ.li/|
|chamade||A signal sounded on a drum or trumpet inviting a parley.||IPA(key): /ʃəˈmɑːd/|
|chambray||A soft fabric woven with a white weft and colored warp.||IPA(key):|
|chamois||A short-horned goat antelope; a type of leather of this goat antelope.||IPA(key): /ˈʃæmwɑː/, /ˈʃæmi/|
|champagne||An alcoholic drink.||IPA(key): /ʃæmˈpeɪn/|
|chandelier||A branched lighting fixture.||IPA(key):|
|chaparral||A region of shrubs.||IPA(key):|
|chaperone||Older person accompanying younger people to ensure their proper behaviors.||IPA(key):|
|charade||Something apparently real but based on pretence.||IPA(key): /ʃəˈɹɑːd/, /ʃəˈɹeɪd/, /ʃɚˈɹeɪd/|
|A green‐skinned grape variety used to make a white wine; a variety of wine made from this grape.||IPA(key):|
|chargé d'affaires||A diplomat, ranking below an ambassador, who heads a diplomatic mission.||IPA(key):|
|charlatan||A trickster; one who falsely uses a role.||IPA(key): /ˈʃɑɹlətən/|
|Feminine name; largest city in North Carolina.
|IPA(key): /ˈʃɑrlət/, /ˈʃɑːlət/, /ˈʃaːlət/, /ˈʃarlət/|
|chasseur||A fighter equipped for rapid movements; a servant or attendant.||IPA(key): /ʃaˈsəː/|
|A castle, fortress, manor house or large country house.||IPA(key): /ˈʃæːtɔ/, /ʃæːˈtɔ/, /ʃæːˈto/|
|chauffeur||Driver employed to pilot a private automobile of executive or luxurious class.||IPA(key): /ʃɒˈfɜː/, /ˈʃəʊfə/, /ʃoʊˈfɜ˞/, /ˈʃoʊfə˞/|
|chauvinism||Excessive patriotism; eagerness for national superiority.
Unwarranted bias, favouritism or devotion to something.
|IPA(key): /ˈʃəʊ.vɪ.nɪ.zəm/, /ˈʃəʊ.və.nɪ.zəm/, /ˈʃoʊ.vɪˌnɪzm̩/|
|chef||A chief cook; a chief.||IPA(key): /ʃɛf/|
|chemise||A type of undergarment; a particular dress.||IPA(key): /ʃæleɪ/|
|chenille||An extremely soft and bunchy fabric often used to make sweaters.||IPA(key):|
|chevalier||A knight or cavalier.||IPA(key):|
|cheviot||A coarse woolen fabric made from the wool of Cheviot sheep.||IPA(key):|
|chevron||A V‐shaped pattern or marking.||IPA(key):|
|chic||Stylish or elegant. Good form or style.||IPA(key): /ʃiːk/|
|Chicago||An American city in Illinois.||IPA(key): /ʃəˈkɔːɡoʊ/|
|chicane||A temporary barrier, or serpentine curve; chicanery.
To use tricks or subterfuge; to deceive.
|chicanery||Deception by use of trickeries, quibbling, or subterfuges.||IPA(key): /ʃɪˈkeɪ.nɹ.i/, /ʃɪˈkeɪ.nə.ɹi/|
|chiffon||A sheer silk or rayon fabric.||IPA(key):|
|chivalry||An ethic code of virtues; courteous behaviour.||IPA(key): /ˈʃɪvəlri/|
|chute||A framework, trough, or tube, upon or through which objects are made to slide downwards.||IPA(key): /ʃuːt/|
|Something that is overused or used outside its original context, so that its original impact and meaning are lost.||IPA(key): /ˈkliːʃeɪ/, /kliːˈʃeɪ/|
|crèche||A representation of the Nativity scene.||IPA(key): /kɹɛʃ/|
|crème fraîche||A slightly soured thick cream.||IPA(key): /ˌkɹɛm ˈfɹɛʃ/|
|crochet||Needlework made by looping thread with a hooked needle.||IPA(key):|
|douche (also douchebag)||A directed jet or current of water or vapor.||IPA(key): /duːʃ/|
|fiche and microfiche||A sheet of microfilm holding several hundred reduced images of document pages||IPA(key): /fiːʃ/|
|flèche||Any of the twenty-four points on a backgammon board.||IPA(key): /flɛʃ/, /fleɪʃ/|
|galoche||A trickster; one who falsely uses a rôle.||IPA(key):|
|gauche||An overshoe worn in wetness; a gaiter or legging.||IPA(key): /ɡəʊʃ/|
|gouache||A thick, opaque watercolour paint.||IPA(key): /ɡwɑʃ/|
|guiche||A kiss-curl||IPA(key): /ɡiːʃ/|
|guilloche||A fine engraving pattern of spirals, intertwining bands, etc.||IPA(key): /ɡɪˈlɒʃ/|
|louche||Of questionable taste or morality.||IPA(key): /luːʃ/|
|machete||A kind of tool that functions as a sword.||IPA(key): /məˈʃɛ.ti/|
|machine (also machinery, machinist)||A electric or mechanic device that assists with or performs tasks.||IPA(key): /məˈʃiːn/|
|machinery||Those devices collectively constituting a production apparatus; collectively the functioning parts of that device.||IPA(key): /mə.ˈʃi.nə.ɹi/|
|marchioness||Wife of a marquess.||IPA(key): /ˈmɑɹʃənɨs/, /mɑɹʃəˈnɛs/|
|Michigan||A state in the United States of America.||IPA(key):|
|A layer of hairs located shortly above the upper lip.||IPA(key): /ˈmʌstæʃ/, /ˈmʊstɑːʃ/|
|niche (some speakers)||A cavity, hollow, or recess.
A function within an ecological system to which an organism is especially suited.
Any position of opportunity for which one is well‐suited.
|IPA(key): /niːʃ/, /niʃ/, /nɪʃ/|
|nonchalance||Indifference, carelessness or coolness.||IPA(key):|
|nonchalant||Casually calm and relaxed; indifferent or unconcerned.||IPA(key): /ˌnɑn.ʃəˈlɑnt/|
|nouveau riche||New money.||IPA(key): /ˌnuː.vəʊ ˈɹiːʃ/|
|parachute||A device which can emit a cloth for wind resistance.||IPA(key): /ˈpærəʃuːt/|
|parfleche||A form of stiff leather made from rawhide.||IPA(key): /pɑɹˈflɛʃ/|
|pastiche||A work of art that imitates the work of a previous artist.||IPA(key): /pæsˈtiːʃ/|
|quiche||A pie made primarily of eggs and cream in a pastry crust.||IPA(key): /kiːʃ/|
|ricochet||A method of firing a projectile so that it skips along a surface.||IPA(key): /ˈɹɪkəʃeɪ/|
|ruche||A strip of fabric used for trimming.||IPA(key): /ˈɹuːʃ/|
|seiche||A short‐period standing wave oscillation of the water level in a lake, characteristic of its geometry.||IPA(key): /seɪʃ/|
|stanchion||A vertical pole, post, or support; a framework of such posts.
To erect or equip with these structures; confine with these structures.
|IPA(key): /ˈstænʃən/, /ˈstɑːnʃən/|
|troche||A lozenge or cough drop.||IPA(key): /tɹoʊʃ/|
|trebuchet||A medieval siege engine consisting of a large pivoting arm heavily weighted on one end. Considered to be the technological successor to the catapult.
A torture device for dunking suspected witches by means of a chair attached to the end of a long pole.
|IPA(key): /ˈtɹɛbəʃɛt/, /ˈtɹɛb.jə.ʃeɪ/, /ˈtɹɛb.ju.ʃeɪ/, /ˈtɹɛb.juˌʃɛt/, /ˈtɹɛb.jəˌʃeɪ/|