Appendix:Glossary of neuroanatomy

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This is a glossary of neuroanatomy.

Table of Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

B[edit]

brain 
The control center of the central nervous system of an animal located in the skull which is responsible for perception, cognition, attention, memory, emotion, and action.
brain stem 
The part of the brain that connects the spinal cord to the forebrain and cerebrum.

C[edit]

cerebellum 
Part of the hindbrain in vertebrates. In humans it lies between the brainstem and the cerebrum. It plays an important role in sensory perception, motor output, balance and posture.
cerebrum 
The upper part of the brain, which is divided into the two cerebral hemispheres. In humans it is the largest part of the brain and is the seat of motor and sensory functions, and the higher mental functions such as consciousness, thought, reason, emotion, and memory.
cerebral cortex 
The grey, folded, outermost layer of the cerebrum that is responsible for higher brain processes such as sensation, voluntary muscle movement, thought, reasoning, and memory.
cerebral hemisphere 
One of the two regions of the brain that are delineated by the body's median plane.

D[edit]

diencephalon 
The region of the human brain, specifically the human forebrain, that includes the thalamus, the hypothalamus, the epithalamus, the prethalamus or subthalamus, and the pretectum.

E[edit]

encephalon 
Part of brain, area of central nervous system that includes all higher nervous centers, enclosed within the skull and continuous with the spinal cord.
endbrain 
Telencephalon.

F[edit]

forebrain 
The anterior part of the brain, including the cerebrum, thalamus, and hypothalamus.
hindbrain 
The posterior part of the brain, comprising the cerebellum, pons and medulla.

M[edit]

mesencephalon 
A part of the brain located rostral to the pons and caudal to the thalamus and the basal ganglia, composed of the tectum (dorsal portion) and the tegmentum (ventral portion).
midbrain 
A part of the brain located rostral to the pons and caudal to the thalamus and the basal ganglia, composed of the tectum (dorsal portion) and the tegmentum (ventral portion).

N[edit]

neocortex 
The top layer of the cerebral hemispheres in the brain of mammals; part of cerebral cortex.

P[edit]

prosencephalon 
Forebrain.

R[edit]

rhombencephalon 
The hindbrain.

T[edit]

tectum 
The dorsal portion of the midbrain, containing the superior colliculus and inferior colliculus.
tegmentum 
The ventral portion of the midbrain, divided from the tectum by the cerebral aqueduct and the periaqueductal grey.
telencephalon 
The anterior part of the forebrain; the endbrain
thalamus 
Either of two large, ovoid structures of grey matter within the forebrain that relay sensory impulses to the cerebral cortex.

See also[edit]