Appendix:Go jargon

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Use of Japanese terms[edit]

Although Go almost certainly originated in China, the current English and Western technical vocabulary borrows a high proportion of terms from the Japanese language because it was through Japan that Go was introduced to Western culture.

Many of these terms are from a jargon used for technical go writing and to some extent specially developed for go journalism; in some cases the technical meaning of a word may differ from a dictionary meaning coming from ordinary usage. Some authors of English-language go materials avoid use of Japanese technical terms, and the way they are applied can differ in subtle ways from the original meanings.

Terms[edit]

English Japanese Korean Mandarin
aji
aji keshi 味消し
amashi 余し
atari 当たり 단수 (單手) 打吃
bad aji
bad shape 悪形 愚形
bamboo joint タケフ 竹节
block (move) オサエ
capturing race
race to capture
攻め合い
connection (move) ツギ , ,
contact play
attachment
touch
ツケ
cut (move) キリ 切断
damezumari ダメ詰まり
dumpling shape
dango
団子
descend サガリ
double gote 両後手 双方后手
double sente 両先手 双方先手
empty triangle 空き三角
アキ三角
空三角
endgame
yose
終盤
ヨセ
终盘
官子
extend
stretch
ノビ
fuseki 布石 포석 (布石) 布局
five-five point
gonogo
五の五 五五
good aji
good shape 良形
gote 後手 후수 (後手) 后手
haengma 模様 행마 (行馬)→모양 模样
hane
wrap around
bend
ハネ
hanging connection カケツギ
star point
hoshi
joseki 定石 정석 (定石) 定式
kiai 気合
気合い
气合
kikashi 利かし 先手利
knight's move
keima
ケイマ 小ゲイマ
ko コウ
komi コミ 贴目
komoku
3-4 point
小目 소목 (小目) 小目
kosumi
diagonal play
小隅, コスミ
kosumitsuke コスミツケ 尖顶
korigatachi 凝り形
ladder
shicho
シチョウ
large endgame 大ヨセ
large knight's move
ogeima
大ゲイマ
liberty ダメ
life and death 死活 死活
miai 見合い 맛보기 见合
middlegame 中盤 중반 (中盤) 中盘
middlegame joseki
mokuhazushi
3-5 point
目外し 外目
framework
moyo
模様 모양 模样
3-6 point
omokuhazushi
大目外し
one point jump
ikken tobi
一間トビ
opening 序盤 序盘
4-6 point
otakamoku
大高目
peep ノゾキ
pincer ハサミ
point (location)
point (score)
ponnuki ポン抜き
probe
yosu-miru
様子見
pull back ヒキ
push (along) オシ
push (in)
push and cut 出切り
rank 段級位
reverse sente 逆先手 逆先手
sabaki 捌き 腾挪
sansan
3-3
三々 삼삼 (三三) 三三
seki
mutual life
セキ 双活
self-atari
sente 先手 선수 (先手) 先手
shape
status
stone 棋子
string
chain
block
takamoku
5-4
高目 高目
center point
tengen
天元 天元
thickness (1) 厚み
thickness (2) 厚さ
tiger's mouth 虎口
tsumego 詰碁 死活题
turn
bend
マガリ
two eyes 二眼
sajung ダメ詰まり 자충 (自充)