Appendix:Greek pronouns

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Personal pronouns[edit]

Emphatic or strong forms[edit]

Emphatic pronouns are used to emphasise and should be pronounced with greater stress, they do not have to be dependent on a verb.

singular plural
1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n 1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n
nominative English I you he she it we you they they they
Greek εγώ 1 εσύ 1 αυτός αυτή αυτό εμείς 1 εσείς 1 αυτοί αυτές αυτά
genitive English my your his her its our your their their their
Greek εμένα εσένα αυτού αυτής αυτού εμάς εσάς αυτών αυτών αυτών
accusative English me you him her it us you them them them
Greek εμένα 2 εσένα 2 αυτόν 3 αυτήν 3 αυτό εμάς 2 εσάς 2 αυτούς αυτές αυτά
vocative English you you
Greek εσύ εσείς
1. In colloquial speech these nominative forms may lose their initial ε, the use of an apostrophe in the written form is optional.   e.g. ήρθα 'γώ (I came)
2. Accusative forms lose their initial ε when following από or για, no apostrophe is used. The plural forms become monosyllabic and therefore lose the accent.   e.g. για μας (for us)
3. The final ν is optional, often being used before a following vowel.

Clitic or weak forms[edit]

These single syllable personal pronouns cannot be used on their own, they are dependent on other words in the sentence.

singular plural
1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n 1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n
nominative English he she it they they they
Greek τος τη το τοι τες τα
genitive English my your his her its our your their their their
Greek μου σου του της του μας σας τους τους τους
accusative English me you him her it us you them them them
Greek με σε τον την το μας σας τους τις / τες 1 τα
1. τις is used before a verb, τες after a verb.   e.g. Αν τις δεις, πες τες να έρθουν. (If you see them, tell them to come.)

Possessive pronouns[edit]

These pronouns are the same as the genitive forms of the weak personal pronouns.

singular plural
1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n 1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n
English my your his her its our your their their their
Greek μου σου του της του μας σας τους τους τους


Emphatic possessive pronouns and determiners[edit]

Possessive personal pronouns may be preceded by the declinable δικός, δική δικό to stress possession.

singular plural
1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n 1st 2nd 3rd m 3rd f 3rd n
English my, mine your, yours his her its our, ours your, yours their, theirs their, theirs their, theirs
Greek δικός μου δικός σου δικός του δικός της δικός του δικός μας δικός σας δικός τους δικός τους δικός τους

Interrogative pronouns[edit]

who?, which?[edit]

number 
case   \   gender 
singular plural
masculine feminine neuter masculine feminine neuter
nominative ποιος ποια ποιο ποιοι ποιες ποια
genitive ποιου,
ποιανού1
ποιας,
ποιανής1
ποιου,
ποιανού1
ποιων,
ποιανών1
ποιων,
ποιανών1
ποιων,
ποιανών1
Accusative ποιον ποια,
ποιαν2
ποιο ποιους,
ποιανούς1
ποιες ποια
1 Usually a pronoun and used for people and not things.
2 The ν terminated form should be used before vowels and before the consonants: κ, ξ, π, τ, ψ, γκ, ντ, μπ.

how much?[edit]



Indefinite pronouns and determiners[edit]

Specific - κάποιος ("somebody, someone")[edit]