Appendix:List of English back-formations

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

An English back-formation refers to either the process of creating a new lexeme (less precisely, a new "word") by removing actual or supposed affixes, or to the neologism formed by such a process. Back-formations are shortened words created from longer words, thus back-formations may be viewed as a sub-type of clipping.

Each back-formation in this list is followed by the original word from which it was back-formed.

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A[edit]

  • ablute from ablution
  • aborigine as a mistaken singular for aborigines (correct Latin singular is aboriginal) [1]
  • accrete from accretion (root: accrescere) [2]
  • acculturate from acculturation [3]
  • admix from admixture
  • adsorb from adsorption
  • adolesce from adolescence
  • adulate from adulation [4]
  • advect from advection [5]
  • aesthete from aesthetic [6]
  • air-condition from air conditioning [7]
  • alm from alms
  • anticline from anticlinal [8]
  • arch ("to practice archery") from archery
  • arm (weapon) from arms (from Latin arma)
  • attrit from attrition [9]
  • auto-destruct from auto-destruction (cf. auto-destroy)
  • automate from automation [10]
  • aviate from aviation [11]

B[edit]

  • babysit from babysitter [12]
  • back-form from back-formation
  • bartend from bartender [13]
  • benefact from benefactor (and also the derived benefactee, cf. benefactor)
  • bibliograph from bibliography
  • bicep from biceps (non-standard) [14]
  • biograph from biography
  • blockbust from blockbuster [15]
  • book-keep from book-keeping
  • bonafy from bonafied (which itself is a corruption of "bona fide")[1]
  • brainwash from brainwashing [16]
  • bulldoze from bulldozer [17]
  • bum possibly from bummer [18]
  • burgle from burglar [19]
  • bus ("to clear dirty dishes from table") from busboy [20]
  • bushwhack from bushwhacker [21]
  • buttle from butler [22]

C[edit]

  • cadge from cadger [23]
  • caretake from caretaker
  • chemist from alchemist
  • cavitate from cavitation [24]
  • cherry from Old French cerise [25]
  • choate from inchoate
  • choreograph from choreography [26]
  • claustrophobe from claustrophobia
  • cohese from cohesion (cf. cohere)
  • commentate from commentator [27]
  • committal from non-committal
  • complicit from complicity [28]
  • computerize from computerized
  • congratulation from congratulations
  • contracept from contraception (cf. rare contraceive)
  • contrapt from contraption
  • convect from convection [29]
  • conversate from conversation or conversing {http://www.dictionary.reference.com/browse/conversate
  • cose from cosy
  • couth from uncouth [30]
  • co-vary from covariation
  • crank (noun) from cranky
  • creep (as a noun for a person) from creepy
  • cross multiply from cross multiplication
  • cross-refer from cross-reference [31]
  • curate from curator [32]
  • custom-make from custom-made

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

  • fine-tune from fine tuning [58]
  • flab from flabby [59]
  • flappable from unflappable [60]
  • flake ("eccentric person") from flaky
  • floss ("to show off") from flossy [61]
  • fluoresce from fluorescence [62]
  • forward-form from forward-formation (a back-formation)
  • fragmentate from fragmentation [63]
  • free-associate from free association (backformed adjective-verb compound)
  • funk (quality of music) from funky [64]

G[edit]

H[edit]

  • handwrite from handwriting [76]
  • hard-boil from hard-boiled [77]
  • hawk (meaning "to sell") from hawker [78]
  • haze from hazy [79]
  • headhunt from headhunter
  • headquarter from headquarters [80]
  • helicopt from helicopter
  • housebreak from housebroken [81]
  • houseclean from housecleaning [82]
  • housekeep from housekeeper [83]

I[edit]

  • ideologue from ideology [84]
  • incent from incentive [85]
  • indice from indices (cf. index)
  • injure from injury [86]
  • intercept from interception (possibly a backformation)
  • interfluve from interfluvial [87]
  • interlineate from interlinear
  • intuit from intuition [88]
  • isolate from isolated [89]

J[edit]

K[edit]

  • kempt from unkempt [92]
  • kidnap from kidnapper [93]
  • kudo from kudos (non-standard) [94]

L[edit]

M[edit]

  • manipulate from manipulation [103]
  • mase from maser
  • mix from mixt (adj. from Old French, misconstrued as past participle of verb) [104]
  • mottle from motley [105]
  • moonlight (the verb, work on second job) from moonlighter [106]
  • multimillion from multimillionaire

N[edit]

O[edit]

P[edit]

  • panhandle (meaning "to accost") from panhandler [113]
  • paramedic from paramedical
  • partake from partaker [114]
  • pea from Middle English pease [115]
  • peddle from peddler [116]
  • peeve from peevish [117]
  • pettifog from pettifogger [118]
  • phosphoresce from phosphorescent [119]
  • preempt from preemption [120]
  • presentate from presentation
  • procéss from procession [121]
  • prodigal from prodigality [122]
  • proliferate from proliferation [123]
  • proofread from proofreader [124]

Q[edit]

  • quadrumvir from quadrumvirate [125]
  • quantitate from quantitative

R[edit]

  • raunch from raunchy [126]
  • reminisce from reminiscence [127]
  • resurrect from resurrection [128]
  • rotovate from rotovator

S[edit]

  • sass (impudence) from sassy [129]
  • sculpt from sculptor [130]
  • secrete (meaning "to produce and emit") from secretion [131]
  • secretive from secretiveness [132]
  • sedate (the verb) from sedative [133]
  • self-destruct from self-destruction (cf. self-destroy) [134]
  • semantic (adjective) from semantics
  • sharecrop from sharecropper [135]
  • shoplift from shoplifter [136]
  • sightsee from sightseeing [137]
  • sipid from insipid [138]
  • sleaze from sleazy [139]
  • sleepwalk from sleepwalking [140]
  • smarm from smarmy [141]
  • sorb from sorption (also a back-formation)
  • soft-land from soft landing (backformed adjective-noun compound)
  • sorption from adsorption and absorption [142]
  • spectate from spectator [143]
  • stargaze from stargazer [144]
  • stave (the noun) from staves [145]
  • steamroll from steamroller [146]
  • stridulate from stridulation [147]
  • suckle from suckling [148]
  • sulk from sulky [149]
  • summate from summation [150]
  • sunburn (the verb) from sunburned [151]
  • superannuate from superannuated [152]
  • surreal from surrealism [153]
  • surveil from surveillance [154]
  • swashbuckle from swashbuckler [155]
  • swindle from swindler [156]
  • syncline from synclinal [157]

T[edit]

  • tase from Taser
  • televise from television [158]
  • tongue-lash from tongue-lashing [159]
  • transcript (verb) from transcription (cf. verb transcribe)
  • tricep from triceps
  • trickle-irrigate from trickle-irrigation (possibly backformed from verb-noun compound but may also be verb-verb compound)
  • tweeze from tweezers [160]
  • typewrite from typewriter [161]

U[edit]

  • upholster from upholstery [162]

V[edit]

  • vaccinate from vaccination [163]
  • vend as in vend out (meaning to contract out to a vendor), derived from vendor
  • vinify from vinification [164]
  • vivisect from vivisection [165]

W[edit]

  • wiretap from wiretapper [166]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/bonafied.html Common Errors in English - List of Errors