Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/ǵ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*ǵebʰ- jaw Lith. žebiu, Ltv. zebiekste, Czech žábra, Gm. kivel/Kiefer, Eng. ceafl/jowl, ON keptr, Av. zafar
*ǵeme- to marry Skr. जामातर् (jāmātar), Av. zāmātar, Gk. γαμβρός (gambros), Lat. gener, Breton gever, Lith. zêntas, Alb. dhëndër/dhândërr
*ǵenh₁- to give birth Gk. γένος (genos); gónos; gígnesthai, Lat. genus; gigno, Eng. cyn/kin; cyning/king; kind, Gm. kind/Kind; kuning/König, Russ. зять (zjat'), Polish zieć, Av. zīzənti, Skr. जाति (jāti); jánati; jánas, Kamviri zut, Thrac. zenis, Phryg. cin, Ir. cinim/geinim, Goth. kuni, Lith. gentìs, Ltv. znots, Welsh geni; cen; angen, Gaul. Cintugnātus, Pers. zāēdan, Hitt. genzu, Arm. ծին (cin), Toch. kän/kän, Osc. Genetaí, Umb. natine, OCS zętĭ
*ǵénu- cheek Lat. gena, Welsh gen, Gk. γένυς (génys), Goth. kinnus, Skr. हनु (hánu), Av. zanu, Lith. žandás, Ltv. zods, Phryg. azon, Toch. A śanwem, Arm. ծնաւտ (cnawt), Eng. ċinn/chin, Gm. kinni/Kinn, Ir. gin/gionach, Pers.زنخ (zanakh), چانه (čâne), goune(h), XMK kanadoi
*ǵews- taste Lat. dēgūnō; gustare, Goth. kiusan, Gm. kiosan/kiesen, Skr. जुषते (juṣate), Av. zaošō, Alb. dua/due, Eng. ceosan/choose, OPers. dauš, OIr. gus; do-goa; asagussim, Gk. γεύομαι (geúomai)
*ǵh₂lōw- brother's wife OCS zlŭva, Russ. золовка (zolovka), Gk. γάλως (galōs), Phryg. gelaros, Polish zełwa
*ǵneh₃- to know, to recognise OCS знати (znati), Russ. знать (znat'), Polish znać, Lith. žinóti, Ltv. zināt, OPruss. posinnāts, Skr. जानाति (jānāti), Kashmiri zānun, Av. paitizānənti, OPers. xšnāsātiy, Osset. zon, Goth. kunnan; kannjan, Gm. kunnan/können; irchennan/kennen, ON kunna; kenna, Eng. cnāwan/know, Toch. knān/nān, OIr. gnáth; gnás; itar-gninim, Welsh gnawd; (g)naws, Umb. naratu, Lat. (g)noscō, Gk. γιγνώσκω (gignōskō), Alb. njeh, Hitt. kanes, Arm. ծանաւթ (canawtʿ)
*ǵr̥h₂nóm corn Lat. granum, Ir. grán, Welsh grawn, OCS зрьно (zrĭno), Czech zrno, Russ. зерно (zerno), Polish ziarno, Lith. žìrnis, Ltv. zirnis, OPruss. syrne, Goth. kaúrn, Gm. kerno/Korn, Eng. corn
*ǵónu knee Lat. genu, Russ. звено (zveno), Hitt. gienu, Palaic ginu-, Gk. γόνυ (góny), Skr. जानु (jānu), Illyr. Genusus, Gm. kniu/Knie, Pers. zānu, Eng. cnēo/knee, ON kne, Goth. kniu, Av. žnūm, Toch. kanwe/kenīne, Arm. ծունր (cunr), ծունկք (cunkkʿ), Alb. gju/gjû
*ǵómbʰo- ledge->tooth Lat. gemma, Ir. gob, Welsh gwp, Gk. γόμφος (gomphos), Skr. जम्भ (jambha), Lith. žambas, Ltv. zobs, Alb. dhëmb/dhamb, XMK kombous, Eng. comb/comb, Toch. kam/keme, Russ. зуб (zub), Arm. ծամեմ (camem), Kamviri zâmoa, Pol. ząb, ON kambr, Gm. kamb/Kamm, OCS зѫбъ (zǫbŭ)