Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/ḱ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*ḱak- branch Arm. ճիւղ (čiwł), Lith. šaka, Ltv. saka, Skr. शाखा (śākhā), Russ. соха (soxa), Alb. thekë, Goth. hōha, Kamviri coa, Old Prussian sagnis, Ir. gēc/gēag, Welsh cainc, Gm. huohili/, Pers. šāxe(h)
*ḱalh₂mo- reed Gk. κάλαμος (kálamos), Lat. culmus, Toch. kulmãts/, Eng. healm/haulm, Ltv. salms, Old Prussian salme, Russ. солома (soloma), ON halmr, Gm. halm/Halm, Ir. /giolcach (-cach being diminutive suffix)
*ḱas- gray Lat. cānus; cascus, Skr. षष (śaśa), Gm. hasan/; haso/Hase, Old Prussian sasins, Eng. hasu/; hara/hare, ON hǫss; heri, Welsh cannu; ceinach, Pashto soe
*ḱat- battle OCS котора (kotora), Gaul. catu, Eng. heaþu, Gm. hathu/Hader, Skr. शातयति (śātayati), ON hoð, Ir. cath/cath, Welsh cad, Toch. /keta, Hitt. kattu, Gk kótos
*ḱeh₂d- hate Eng. hete/hate, Gm. haz/haß, Goth. hatis, ON hatr, Skr. रिशादस् (riśādas), Av. sādra, Gk. κῆδος (kêdos), Oscan cadeis amnud, Ir. caiss/cais, Welsh câs; cawdd, Toch. kat/
*ḱey- to lie, settle Arm. սէր (sēr), Lith. šeima, OCS sĕmĭja, Eng. hām/home, Gm. heim/Heim, ON heimr, Ir. cóim/caoimh, Gk. kṓmē, Skr. क्षेति (keti), Av. šaēiti
*ḱel- warm Ltv. silts, Lith. šilti, Ir. clithe/, Welsh clyd, ON hlǽr, Eng. hlēow/lukewarm; hlēo/lee, Gm. lāo/lau, Skr. शिशिर (śiśira); śarad, Av. sarəta, Osset. sald, Pers. /سرد (sard), Lat. calēre, Kurd. sarr
*ḱer- horn Lat. cerĕbrum; cervus; cornū, Russ. серна (serna); череп (čerep), Old Prussian kerpetis; sirwis, Gk. κέρας (kéras), Av. srū; srvā; sarah, Skr. शिरस् (śiras); śŕńgam, Arm. սար (sar), Bret. kern, Gm. hirni/Hirn; horn/Horn, ON hjarni;horn Pers. /سر (sar); /شاخ (šāx), Toch. /krāñi, Osset. sær; sykha, Alb. krye; sorkadh, Eng. horn/horn, Breton kern; karn, Kamviri i, Goth. 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌽 (haurn), Hitt. karawar, Lith. širšė, Ltv. sirsis, Gaul. karnuks, Ir. cern/cearn, Polish krowa, Kurd. ser
*ḱerberó- piebald Gk. Κέρβερος (Kérberos)?, Skr. शर्वर (śarvara), Russ. соболь (sobol'), Ir. corbaim/, Lith. keršas
*ḱḗr heart Lat. cor, Skr. हृदय (hṛdaya), Av. zərədā, Hitt. 𒆠𒅕 (kir), Lyc. kride, Palaic kart-, Gk. καρδία (kardía), Eng. heorte/heart, OCS срьдьцє (srĭdĭce), Russ. сердце (serdtse), Lith. širdis, Ltv. sirds, Old Prussian seyr, Arm. սիրտ (sirt), Welsh craidd, Kamviri zâra, Ir. cride/croí, Polish serce, Gm. herza/Herz, Goth. 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐍂𐍄𐍉 (hairtō), ON hjarta, Osset. zærdæ
*ḱerh₂- to mix Eng. hrēr/rare, Gm. hruoren/rühren, ON hrǿra, Skr. श्रायति (śrāyati), Av. sar, Gk. κρατήρ (kratḗr)
*ḱermus- cherry Gk. κερασός (kerasós) Lith. šermukšlė, Ltv. cērmaukša, Russ. черёмуха (čerjomuxa)
*ḱers- to run Lat. currō, Gaul. carros, Gk. ἐπίκουρος (epíkouros), Welsh carrog, Ir. carr/, Toch. kursär/kwasär, Gm. horsk/; hros/Ross, ON horskr, Eng. horsc/; hors/horse; /rush
*ḱewh₁ro- northwind Russ. север (sever), Lith. šiaurys, Arm. ցուրտ (cʿurt), Eng. scūr/shower, Gm. scūr/Schauer, Goth. skura, ON skúr, OCS сѣвєръ (sěverŭ)
*ḱiker- pea Lat. cicer, Arm. սիսեռն (siseṙn), Gk. κριός (kriós), Lith. kekė, Alb. thjerrë; thirqe
*ḱley- to lean Lat. clīnō, Ir. clóin/, Gk. κλίνη (klínē), Eng. hleonian/lean, Arm. լեառն (leaṙn), Lith. šlieti, Ltv. sliet, Russ. слой (sloj), Skr. श्रयति (śrayati), Av. srinu, Gm. hlīnen/lehnen, Welsh clwyd, Old Prussian slayan, Toch. kälyme/kälymiye, Goth. hlain, ON hlein, Alb. qye
*ḱlep- to steal Lat. clepō, Gk. κλέπτω (kléptō), Arm. գող (goł), Goth. hlifan, Ir. cluain/, Old Prussian auklipts, Lith. slėpti, Ltv. slēpt
*ḱlew- clean Lat. cloāca, Gk. κλύδων (klúdōn), Gaul. Cluad, Eng. hlūttor/, Lith. šluoti, Ltv. slaumi, Russ. слеза (sleza), Welsh clir, Gm. hlūttar/lauter, Goth. hlūtrs, ON hlér, OCS сльза (slĭza)
*ḱlew- to hear Lat. cluēre, Gaul. clu, Gk. κλέος (kléos), Illyr. cleves, Lith. klausyti; šlovė, Ltv. klausīt, OCS слово (slovo), Russ. слово (slovo), Skr. श्रु (śru), Av. surunaoiti, Gm. hlut/laut, Eng. hlud/loud, Toch. klots/klautso; klāw/klāw; klyos, ON hljóðr, Goth. hliuþ, Arm. լու (lu), Alb. quaj; quhem, Polish słowo, Welsh clod; clywed, Ir. ro-cluinethar/; cloth/
*ḱlowni- buttock Lat. clūnis, ON hlaun, Kamviri slaunis, Skr. श्रोणि (śroi), Av. sraoni, Welsh clun, Lith. šlaunis
*ḱm̥tóm hundred Lat. centum, Lith. šimtas, Ltv. simts, Gm. hunt/hundert, Eng. hundred/hundred, Goth. hund, ON hundrað, Gk. ἑκατόν (hekatón), Av. sata, Gaul. cantam, Ir. cét/cead, Kashmiri śath, Osset. sædæ, Pers. /صد (sad), OCS съто (съто), Polish sto, Russ. сто (sto), Skr. शत (śata), Av. 𐬯𐬀𐬙𐬀 (sata), Toch. känt/kante, Welsh cant
*ḱon- shell Lat. conguius, Gk. κόγχος (kónkhos), Skr. शङ्ख (śakha)
*ḱubʰ- shoulder Lat. cubitus, Alb. sup, Gm. huf/Hüfte, Eng. hype/hip, Gk. κύβος (kúbos), Av. supti, Skr. शुप्ति (śupti), Goth. hups, Welsh gogof, Pers. /šāne
*ḱwen- holy Lith. šventas, Ltv. svinēt, Russ. святой (svjatoj), Av. spanyah, Goth. hunsl, Polish święty, Old Prussian swints, ON hunsl, Eng. hūsel/housel, OCS свѧтъ (svętŭ)
*ḱwṓ dog Lat. canis, Gk. κύων (kúōn)/, Arm. շուն (šun), Phryg. kunes, Toch. ku/ku, Gaul. cuna, Eng. hund/hound, Skr. श्वन् (śvan), Av. spā, Russ. сука (suka), Polish suka; kundel(?), Gm. hunt/Hund, Kashmiri hūn, Lith. šuo, Ltv. suns, Old Prussian sunis, Thrac. dinu-, Goth. huns, ON hundr, Welsh ci, Ir. cū/cú, Hitt. śuwanis, Lyd. kan-, Dacian kinu-, Illyr. Can-, Alb. samë; shakë, Pers. /سگ (sag)
*ḱóyno- grass Gk. κοινά (koiná), Arm. խոտ (xot), Lith. šienas, Ltv. siens, Russ. сено (seno), Polish siano
*ḱórw-eh₂- crow Eng. hræfn/raven, Gm. hraban/Rabe, ON. hrafn, Lith. krauklys; šárka, Gk. κόραξ (kóraks), Russ. сорока (soróka), Skr. शारि (śāri), Lat. corbus; corvus; cornīx, Umbrian curnāco, Polish sroka, MIr. crú