Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/bʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*bʰabʰ-eh₂- bean Old Prussian babo, Russ. боб (bob), Polish bób, Alb. bathë, Gm. bona/Bohne, Eng. bēan/bean, Welsh ffâen, ON baun, Lat. faba
*bʰar-es- spelt Phryg. brisa, Eng. bereliċ/barley, Oscan far, Umbrian far, Lat. far; farina, Welsh bara, Goth. barizīns, ON barr, Alb. bar OCS брашьно (brašĭno), Gk Phéron
*bʰardʰ-eh₂- beard Lith. barzda, Ltv. bārda, Eng. beard/beard, Gm. bart/Bart, Welsh barf, Polish broda, Russ. борода (boroda), ON barðr, Crimean Gothic bars, Lat. barba
*bʰeh₂go- beech Gm. buohha/Buche, Lat. fagus, Gk. φηγός (phēgós), Eng. bēċe/beech, ON bók, Gaul. Bāgācon, Russ. бузина (buzina), Polish buk, Gothic 𐌱𐍉𐌺𐌰 (bōka), Alb. bung, Kurd bûz, Arm բուն (bun)
*bʰey- bee Eng. bēo/bee, Lith. bitė, Ltv. bite, Ir. bech/bech, Russ. пчела (pčela), Gm. bīa/Biene, Polish pszczoła, Old Prussian bitte, Welsh begegyr, Gaul. bekos, ON bý, OCS бъчєла (bŭčela), Lat. fūcus
*bʰel- light, bright Gaul. Belenos, Lith. balnas; baltas, Ltv. balts, Skr. भर्ग (bhárga); भाल (bhāla), Phryg. falos, Alb. bal,balosh, Illyr. balta, Arm. բալ (bal), բիլ (bil), Gk. φλέγω (phlégō); φαλός (phalós), ON bāl; blár; bleikr, Russ. белый (belyj), Polish biały, Eng. bǣl/balefire; bald, Gm. belihha/bleich; blāo/blau, Goth. bala, Ir. béal/; ball/; blár/, Welsh bal; blawr, Thrac. balios, Old Prussian ballo, Lat. fulica; flāvus; fulgeō, Oscan Flagiúi; Flaviies, Toch. pälk/pälk
*bʰel- to bloom Lat. folium; flōs, Gk. φύλλον (phúllon), Eng. blōstm/blossom, Ir. bláth, Gm. bluomo/Blume, ON blómi, Toch. pält/pilta, MWelsh blawd, Goth. blōma, Oscan Fluusaí, Alb. bulë; bilonjë
*bʰenǵʰ- thick Gm. bungo/Bunge, Ltv. bìezs, Toch. B pkante, Hitt. panku, Gk. παχύς (pakhús)/, Skr. बहु (bahú), Av. bązah, ON bingr
*bʰer- brown, shining Ltv. bērs; bebrs, Lith. bėras; bebras, Old Prussian bebrus, Gaul. Bibrax, Welsh befer, Eng. brūn/brown; bera/bear; beofer/beaver, Gm. brūn/braun; bero/Bär; bibar/Biber, ON brúnn; bjǫrn; bjórr, Skr. भाति (bhā́ti), Av. bawra, Lat. fiber, Russ. бобр (bobr), Toch. parno/perne; parä/perne
*bʰer- to bear / carry Skr. भरति (bhárati), Av. baraiti, Russ. брать (brat’), Ir. berid/beir, Welsh cymmeryd, Arm. բերեմ (berem), Alb. bie; mbart, Gk. φέρω (phérō), Lat. ferō, Umbrian fertu, Eng. beran/bear, Gm. burde/Burde, Toch. pär/pär, Lith. berti, Ltv. bērt, Kamviri bor, Phryg. ber, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌰𐌽 (bairan), ON bera, OCS бьрати (bĭrati), Pers. baratuv/bār, Polish brać, Hitt. kapirt
*bʰer- to boil Alb. brumë, Gaul. Voberā, OIr. bréo; bruth; berbaim, Welsh brwd; brewi, Eng. brǣþ/breath; /broth; /brew; beorm/, Gm. brādam/Brodem; braten, ON bráðr, Gk. φύρδην μίγδην (phúrdēn mígdēn); phréār; porphurein, Lat. fervēo; fermentum; dēfrutum, Skr. भुरति (bhuráti); bhurnih
*bʰeres- lively Russ. борзой (borzoj), Lith. bruzdùs, Welsh brys, MIr. bras, Polish bardzo, OCS брьзо (brĭzo), Lat. festīnō; fastenus; confestim
*bʰerǵʰ- fort Russ. берег (bereg), Eng. burg/borough, Arm. բարձր (barjr), Skr. बर्हयति (barháyati), Av. bərəz(ant), Gaul. Bergusia, Gm. berg/Burg, Hitt. parku; en-park, Toch. pärk/pärk, Thrac. Berga, Goth. baírgahī, ON bjarg; borg, Pers. burj, MIr. brí, Illyr. Berginium, Gk. πύργος (púrgos), Welsh bre; bera, Lyc. prije; pruwa, Lat. fortis, Alb. breg
*bʰerǵʰ- to hide, protect OCS brĕgą Russ. беречь (bereč'), Eng. byrġan/bury, ON bjarga, Goth. bairgan, Gm. bergan/bergen
*bʰewdʰ- to wake, rise up Skr. बोधति (bódhati); बुद्ध (buddha), Lith. budinti, Ltv. budīt, Old Prussian budē, Av. buiðyeiti, Ir. buide/buidhe, Welsh bodd, ON bjóða; boð, Gk. πυνθάνομαι (punthánomai), Eng. bēodan/bid; bodian/bode, Kamviri bidi, Russ. будить (budit'), Polish budzić, OCS блюсти (bljusti), Gm. biotan/bieten; gibot/Gebot, Goth. 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌱𐌹𐌿𐌳𐌰𐌽 (anabiudan ), Pers. /bēdār-šudan
*bʰuH- to appear, become, rise up Skr. भू (bhū́); भवति (bhávati), Lith. būti, Ltv. būt, Old Prussian būton, Russ. быть (byt'), Ir. buith/beith, Eng. bēon/be, Gm. bim/bin, Kamviri bu, Polish być, Welsh bod, Gk. φύομαι (phúomai), Oscan fiiet, Umbrian fust, Pers. būmī/bum, Av. bavaiti, Alb. buj, Arm. բոյս (boys), Illyr. Bumi, Thrac. Kasibounon, Goth. bauan, Gaul. Vindobios, Toch. pyotk/pyautk, ON búa, OCS бꙑти (byti), Lat. fuī
*bʰleh₁- to bleat Alb. blegëras, Lith. bliauti, Ltv. blēt, Eng. blǣtan/bleat, Gk. βελάζο (belázo), Russ. блеять (blejat'), Lat. fleō
*bʰlēyǵ- to shine Ltv. bližģēt, Lith. blaikštytis, Eng. blīcan/bleach, Gm. blīhhan/Blech, ON blíkja, Russ. блеск (blesk), OCS блискъ (bliskŭ), Lat. fulgēo; flagro, MIr blicht; imblissiu, Skt bhrájati; bharga, Toch. pälk/; polkāṃts/
*bʰosós naked Russ. босой (bosoj), Lith. bãsas, Ltv. bass, Arm. բոկ (bok), Eng. bær/bare, ON berr, Goth. 𐌱𐌰𐌶𐌹𐍃 (bazis), Gk. ψιλός (psilós), Polish bosy, Gm. bar/bar, OCS босъ (bosŭ)
*bʰred- to wade Alb. bredh, Ltv. brist; bridu, Lith. bristi; bredu, Russ. брести (bresti), Polish brnąć, Thrac. Bredai
*bʰruH- beam, bridge Gaul. brīva, Eng. brycg/bridge, Gm. brugga/Brücke, ON brú, Russ. бревно (brevno), Polish birzwno, OCS брьвьно (brĭvĭno)
*bʰruH- brow Skr. भ्रू (bhrū), Lith. bruvis, Ir. brú/brúad/bruach, Eng. brū/brow, Russ. бровь (brov'), XMK abroútes, Gk. ὀφρύς (ophrús), Gm. /Braue, Toch. pärwāṃ/pärwāne, Lithbruvìs, Old Prussian wubri, Polish brew, OCS брьвьми (brĭvĭmi), ON brún, Avest. brvat, Pers. /ابرو (abru)
*bʰréh₂tēr brother Arm. եղբայր (ełbayr), Eng. brōþor/brother, Kashmiri boy, Umbrian fratrom, Gk. φράτηρ (phrátēr), Toch. pracar/procer, Kamviri bo, Russ. брат (brat), Gm. bruoder/Bruder, Welsh brawd, Skr. भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), Ir. bráthir/bráthair, Lith. brolis, Ltv. brālis, Gaul. brātir, Pers. 𐎲𐎼𐎠𐎫𐎠 (brātā) / برادر (barādar), Phryg. βρατερε (bratere), Illyr. bra, Goth. 𐌱𐍂𐍉𐌸𐌰𐍂 (brōþar), ON bróðir, Old Prussian brāti, OCS братръ (bratrŭ), Osset. ærvad/, Av. brātar, Oscan fratrúm, Polish brat, Venetic vhraterei, Lyd. 𐤡𐤭𐤠𐤱𐤭𐤳𐤦𐤳 (brafrsis), Kurd. bra, Lat. frāter
*bʰudʰ-no-, *bʰudʰ-mn̥- bottom Skr. बुध्न (budhná), Av. bŭnō, Arm. անդունդ (andund)/բուն (bun), Ir. bond/bonn, Gk. πυθμήν (puthmḗn), Lat. fundus, Gm. bodam/boden, Eng. botm/bottom, ON botn, Welsh bôn, Pers. /بن (bun).
*bʰuHgos- goat Av. būza. Pers. /بز (boz), Arm. բուծ (buc), Ir. bocc/boc, Welsh bwch, ON bukkr, Eng. buc/buck, Gm. boc/Bock, Gaul. bucca
*bʰérh₁ǵo- birch Russ. берёза (berjoza), Gm. birihha/Birke, Bulgarian бреза (breza), Polish brzoza, Lith. beržas, Ltv. bērzs, Osset. бӕрз (bærz), Skr. भूर्ज (bhūrja), ON bjǫrk, Old Prussian berse, Eng. birce/birch, Thrac. berzas, OCS breza, Lat. frāxinus