Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/dʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*dʰal- to blossom Alb. dal, Arm. դալար (dalar), Gk. θάλλω (thallō), Welsh dail, Ir. duille/
*dʰeb- fat Russ. дебелый (debelyj), Old Prussian debīkan, Toch. tpär/täpr, ON dapr, Gm. taphar/tapfer, Ltv. dabļš, OCS дєбєлъ (debelŭ)
*dʰegʷʰ- to burn Lith. degti, Ltv. degt, Lat. fovēre, Russ. сжигать; жгучий (sžigat'; žgučij), Alb. djeg, Ir. daig/, Skr. दहति (dahati), Av. dažaiti, Old Prussian dagis, Pers. /dāġ, Gk. τέφρα (tephra), Toch. tsäk/tsäk, OCS жєщи (žešti), Polish żgę, Eng. dǣg/day, Gm. tag/Tag, ON. dagr, Goth. 𐌳𐌰𐌲𐍃 (dags)
*dʰeh₁(y)- to suck/suckle Alb. djathë, Arm. դիեմ (diem), Lith. dėlė, Ltv. dēls, Old Prussian dadan, Ir. diul/diuilim, Welsh dynu, Eng. delu/—, Gm. tāen/—; tila/—, Goth. 𐌳𐌰𐌳𐌳𐌾𐌰𐌽 (daddjan), ON dilkr, Skr. धयति (dhayati), Av. daēnu, Pers. dadan/, Lat. fēmina; fētus; fēllāre, Umbrian feliuf, Gk. θηλύ (thēlē); θῆλυς (thēlus), OCS доити (doiti), Russ. доить (doit'), Polish doić
*dʰeh₁- to place, set, put Skr. दधाति (dadhāti), Av. daðaiti, Lat. faciō, Oscan faciiad, Umbrian feitu, Hitt. dai, Pers. adadā/, Gk. τίθημι/ (tithēmi/), Lith. dėti, Ltv. dēt, Polish dziać; działać, Russ. деть; делать (det'; delat'), Eng. dōn/do, Gm. tuon/tun, Goth. gadeths, ON dalidun, Phryg. dak-, Gaul. dede, Thrac. didzos, Alb. dhatë; (h)urdhë, Toch. täs/täs, Ir. dál/, Welsh dall, Arm. դնեմ (dnem), Lyc. ta-, OCS дѣлати (dělati), Mess. hipades
*dʰeyǵʰ- to mold Gk. τεῖχος (teîkhos), Ir. digen/, Russ. дежа (deža), Eng. dāg/dough, Goth. daigs, ON deig, Gm. teig/Teig, Skr. देग्धि (degdhi), Lat. fingō, Av. pairidaēza, Pers. didā/dēz, Arm. դէզ (dēz), Thrac. -dizos, Umbrian fikla, Lith. žiest, Ltv. ziest, Old Prussian siduko, Oscan feíhúss, Toch. tsek/tsik
*dʰel- light Alb. diell, Arm. դեղին (dełin), Eng. deall/, ON Dellingr, Ir. dellrad/
*dʰergʰen- thorn Skr. द्राक्ष (drāka), Gm. tirnpauma/dirnbaum, Welsh draen, Ir. draigen/droigheann, Lith. drignės, Ltv. driģenes, Russ. дёрн (djorn), Polish drzazga
*dʰers- to dare Skr. धृष्णोति (dhoti), Russ. дерзнуть; дерзкий (derznut'; derzkij), Lat. infestus, OCS дрьзати (drĭzati), Old Prussian dyrsos, Eng. dearr/dare, Gm. giturran/—; gitar/, Gk. θράσος (thrasos), Lith. drįsti, Ltv. drošs, Pers. adaršnauš, Av. daršam, Goth. gadars
*dʰewb- deep Lith. dubti, Ltv. dubens, Gaul. Dubnorīx, Illyr. dubris,Alb. det, Goth. diups, ON diupr, Eng. dēop/deep, Gk. βυθός (buthos), Gm. tiof/tief, Welsh dwfn, Ir. domain/, OCS дъно (dŭno), Russ. дно; дупло (dno; duplo), Polish dno
*dʰrey- to defecate Russ. дристать (dristat'), ON dríta, Lith. dergti, Gk. δαρδαίνει (dardainei), Lat. foria, Gm. trīzan/, Low Saxon /driten
*dʰrewgʰ- to deceive Lith. draugas, Ltv. draugs, ON draugr; draumr Skr. द्रुह्यति (druhyati), Av. družaiti, Eng. drēam/dream, Gm. troum/Traum, Pers. drauga/, Ir. aurddrach/
*dʰugh₂tḗr daughter Skr. दुहितृ (duhit), Gk. θυγάτηρ (thugatēr), Toch. ckācar/tkacer, Eng. dohtor/daughter, OCS дъщи (dŭšti), Russ. дочь; дочерь (doč'; dočer'), Arm. դուստր (dustr), Gm. tohter/Tochter, Kamviri jü, Gaul. duxtīr, Pers. /doxtar, Lith. duktė, Old Prussian duckti, ON dóttir, Goth. dauhtar, Av. duydar, Luw. duttariyata, Hitt. duttariyatiyaš, Oscan futreí
*dʰuh₂mós smoke Skr. धूम (dhūma), Old Prussian dumis, Russ. дым (dym), Lat. fūmus, Gm. toup/toben, Gk. θυμός (thumos), Toch. twe/tweye, Lith. dūmai, Ltv. dūmi, Eng. dōmian/dusk, Goth. dauns, ON daunn, Ir. dé/deathach, Welsh dywy, Oscan Mefit, Polish dym, Pers. /dud, OCS дꙑмъ (dymŭ)
*dʰwer- door Arm. դուռն (duṙn), Russ. дверь (dver'), Skr. द्वार् (dvār), Av. dvarəm, Alb. derë, ON dyrr, Eng. duru/door, Gaul. doro, Gk. θύρα (thura), Lith. durys, Ltv. durvis, Old Prussian dwaris, Lat. fores, Umbrian furo, Gm. tor/Tür, Ir. dorus/doras, Toch. —/twere, Kamviri du, Umbrian furo, Welsh dôr, Goth. daur, Polish drzwi, Pers. duvaraya/dar, Thrac. dur, OCS двьри (dvĭri)
*dʰéǵʰōm earth Phryg. zemelo; zamelon, Thrac. semele; semela, Pers. zam, Skr. क्ष (ka), Gk. χθών (khthōn), Lat. humus, Goth. guma, ON gumi, Eng. guma/bridegroom, Gm. gomo/Bräutigam, Alb. dhè, OCS зємлꙗ (zemlja), Russ. земля (zemlja), Ir. du/duine, Hitt. tekan, Luw. dakam-, Toch. tkam/ke, Kashmiri za.min, Lith. žemė, Ltv. zeme, Old Prussian same, Welsh dyn, Oscan huntruis, Umbrian hondomu, Osset. зæхх (zæxx), Polish ziemia
*dʰǵʰu- fish Lith. žuvis, Ltv. zivs, Arm. ձուկն (jukn), Gk. ἰχθύς (ikhthus), Old Prussian suckis