Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/gʰ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*gʰabʰ- to take Eng. giefan/give, Skr. गभस्ति (gabhasti), Alb. grabit/grabis, Gm. geban/geben, ON gefa, Goth. giban, Lat. habēre, Oscan hafíar, Umbrian habe, Ir. gaibid, Welsh gafael, Lith. gabenti; gabana, Ltv. gabana, Gaul. gabi, OCS gobino
*gʰaydo- goat Lat. haedus, Goth. gaits, Gm. geiz/Geiss, Eng. gāt/goat, ON geit, Skt. hayas; jihīte, OCS zajęcĭ, Arm. ձի (ji)
*gʰedʰ- to join, to unite Lith. guodas, Ltv. gods, Eng. gōd/good, Gm. guot/gut, Goth. gōþs; gōds, ON gōðr, Skr. गध्य (gadhya), OCS godŭ, Russ. год (god), Polish gody, Toch. kātk/kātk
*gʰel- to call Eng. gellan/yell, Gk. χελιδών (khelidōn), Skr. प्रगल्भ (pragalbha), Goth. gōljan, Gm. gellan/gellen, Lith. gulbinti, ON gjalla
*gʰelōw- tortoise Gk. χελώνη (khelōnē), OCS želŭvĭ, Russ. жолвь (žolv'), Lith. želvė, Polish żółw
*gʰend- to take Alb. gjej, Eng. begetan/beget; forgetan/forget, Gm. firgezzen/vergessen, ON geta, Goth. bigitan, Gk. ktaomai; ktēma, Ir. geind/geinn, Welsh gaing, Lat. prehendere, Lith. godetis, OCS gadati
*gʰers- horror Lat. fastus, ON gersta, Lith. grasa, Ltv. grasīt, Russ. грозный (groznyj), Arm. գարշիմ (garšim), Av. grəəhma, Gm. gerstī/, Toch. krās/krās
*gʰlew- to joke Eng. glēo/glee, Lith. glauda, Ltv. glaust, Gk. χλεύη (khleuē), ON glý, Russ. глум (glum), OCS bezŭ gluma
*gʰos-ti- stranger/guest Lat. hostis, OCS гость (gostĭ), Russ. гость (gost'), Gm. gast/Gast, Goth. gasts, Polish gość, Eng. gæst/guest, ON gestr, Luw. gaši, Gk. xenos, Alb. huaj, Lepontic kozis
*gʰowro- fear Skr. घोर (ghora), Goth. gaurs, Gm. gōrag/, Russ. журить (žurit'), Eng. gyrn/, ON gaurr
*gʰreh₁- to grow, to become green Eng. grōwan/grow; grēne/green; græs/grass, Gm. gruoen/—; gruoni/grün; gras/Gras, Goth. gras, ON groa; grænn; gras
*gʰrendʰ- beam Lith. grindys, Ltv. grīda, ON grind, Polish grzęda, Russ. гряда (grjada), Kamviri uga, Eng. grindel/, Gm. grindil/, Dutch grendel
*gʰérsdʰo- barley Lat. hordeum, Gm. gersta/Gerste, Eng. gors/gorse, Alb. drithë, Gk. κρῖ (kri); krīthḗ, OCS grosdŭ, Arm. գարի (gari), Hitt karas
*gʰwih₁bʰ- pudenda Eng. wīf/wife; wīf-man/woman, Gm. wíb/Weib, ON víf, Toch. kip/kwīpe