Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/gʷ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*gʷeh₂dʰ- to sink Gk. βάθος (bathos), Skr. गाहते (gāhate), Av. vigāθō, Ir. bádud/báthaim, Welsh boddi
*gʷeyh₃- sinew Lat. fīlum, OCS žitsa, Russ. жила (žila), Arm. ջիլ (ǰil), ջիղ (ǰił), Lith. gija, Ltv. dzija, Welsh giau, Polish żyła
*gʷeyh₃w- to live Skr. जीवति (jīvati), Lat. vivere, Lith. gyventi, Ltv. dzīvs, Old Prussian gi(j)wan, OCS žiti, Russ. жить (žit'), Polish żyć, Eng. cwicu/quick, ON kvikr, Gm. quec/keck, Goth. qius, Gk. βίος (bios), Ir. bethu/beatha, Welsh byd, Gaul. Biturīges, Pers. gaiθā/zēstan, Av. gaēθā; jiġaēsa, Toch. śo/śai, Arm. կեամ (keam), Oscan bivus
*gʷelbʰ- womb Eng. wamb/womb, Gm. wamba/Wamme, Goth. wamba, ON vomb, Skr. गर्भ (garbha), Gk. δελφύς (delphus), Lith. gimda,
*gʷem-, *gʷeh₂- to go, come Lat. veniō, Skr. गच्छति (gacchati)/गमति (gamati) , Av. jamaiti, Toch. kum/käm, Eng. cuman/come, Arm. եկ (ek), Gm. coman/kommen, Kamviri âca, ON koma, Pers. jamijāh/, Goth. qiman, Oscan kúmbennieís, Lith. gimti, Ltv. dzimt, Old Prussian gimsenin, Alb. pregjim, Gk. βῆμα (bēma)
*gʷer- mount Russ. гора (gora), Lith. guras, Skr. गिरि (giri), Av. gairi, Gk. δειράς (deiras), Alb. gur, Arm. լեառն (leaṙn), Polish góra, OCS gora
*gʷer- to praise Lat. grātēs, Russ. жрец (žrets), Alb. grish, Lith. girti, Ltv. dzirt, Skr. गृनाति (gnāti), Ir. bard/bárd, Old Prussian girtwei, Toch. krant-/krent-, Welsh bardd, Oscan brateis, Av. aibigərənte
*gʷer(h₂)- heavy Lat. gravis, Eng. cweorn/quern, Skr. गुरु (guru), Av. gouruzaθra, Lith. gurstu, Ltv. gurstu, Toch. krāmärts/krāmär, Gk. βάρος (baros), ON kvern, Goth. kaúrjōs, Pers. /girān, Welsh bryw, Ir. bair/, Old Prussian girnoywis, Gm. quirn/Querne, OCS žŭrnŭvi, Polish żarna, Russ. жёрнов (žjornov)
*gʷerh₃- to devour Alb. ngrënë/ngranë, Arm. կեր (ker), Lith. gerti, Ltv. dzert, Ir. bráge/bráighid, Welsh breuant, Skr. गिरति (girati), Av. jaraiti, Gk. βορά (bora); βρῶμα (brōma), Lat. vorāre, Gm. quedar/Köder, ON krás, Russ. жрать (žrat'), Polish żreć
*gʷetu- resin Gm. kuti/Kitt, Eng. cudu/cud, ON kváða, Skr. जतु (jatu), Lat. bitūmen, Welsh bedwen, Scottish Gaelic beithe
*gʷṓws cow/bull Skr. गो (go), Av. gáus, Ltv. govs, Russ. говядина (govjadina), Toch. ko/keŭ, Arm. կով (kov), Eng. cū/cow, Umbrian bum, Gk. βοῦς (bous), Ir. bó/bó, Welsh buw, Gm. kuo/Kuh, Kamviri go, Kashmiri gāv, Pers. —/gāv, Oscan buv-, ON kú, Osset. gal/ Thrac. bonassos
*gʷrebʰ- womb Gk. βρέφος (brephos), Ir. brommach/, OCS жрѣбѧ (žrěbę), Russ. жеребёнок (žerebjonok), Polish źrebię
*gʷruHǵʰ- to bite Lith. graužti, Ltv. grauzt, Russ. грызть (gryzt'), Welsh brwyn, Polish gryźć, Alb. me gicë, Gk. βρύχω (brukhō), Ir. brón/brón, Arm. կրծեմ (krcem), OCS gryzǫ
*gʷḗn woman OCS жєна (žena), Russ. жена (žena), Polish żona, Av. gənā, Gk. γυνή (gunē), Eng. cwēn/queen, Skr. ग्ना (gnā); जनि (jani), Old Prussian genno, Arm. կին (kin), Alb. zonjë, Ir. ben/bean, Welsh benyw, Kashmiri zanānū', Goth. qino, ON kona, Gm. quena/—, Pers. /zan, Phryg. bonekos, Toch. śä/śana, Luw. wanatti