Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/k

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*kakka excrement Arm. քաք (kʿakʿ); քակոր (kʿakor), Gm. /Kacke, Gk. κακκάω (kakkáō), Ir. cacc/cac, Lat. cacāre, Lith. kaka, Pers. /keke(h), Russ. какать (kakat'), Welsh cach
*kal- handsome Gk. κάλλος (kállos), Skr. कल्य (kalya)
*kan- to sing Eng. hen/hen, Gm. hano/Hahn, Gk. καναχέω (kanakhéō)/, Goth. hana, Ir. canim/, Kurd. xwéndin, Lat. canō, Pers. /āvāz xāndan, Russ. канюк (kanjuk), ON hani; hœna, Umbrian kanetu, Welsh canu,
*kant- corner Gaul. kantem, Gk. κανθός (kanthós), Lat. cantus, Lith. kampas, Polish kant; kąt, Russ. кут (kut),
*kapro- goat Eng. hæfer/, Gaul. cabros, Gm. habaro/Haber, Gk. κάπρος (kápros), Ir. gabor/, Skr. कपृथ (kaptha), Lat. caper, ON hafr, Umbrian kabru, Welsh gafr,
*kaput- head Eng. heafod/head, Gm. houbit/Haupt, Goth. haubiþ, Lat. caput, ON haufuð, Skr. कपुच्छल (kapucchala)
*kat- cub Ir. cadla/, Lat. catulus, ON haðna, Russ. котиться (kotit'sja), Umbrian katel
*kayko- one-eyed Goth. haihs, Gk. καικίας (kaikías)?, Ir. caech/, Lat. caecus, Lith. keikti, Skr. केकर (kekara),Welsh coeg,
*kaylo- or *kóh₂ylu- whole Eng. hālig/holy, Gm. heil/heil, Goth. hailags, OCS cĕlŭ, ON heilagr, Old Prussian kailūstiskan, Polish cały, Russ. целый (tselyj), Welsh coel
*ked- to fume Gk. κέδρος (kédros), Ltv. kadags, Lith. kadagys, OCS kadilo, Old Prussian kadegis, Russ. чад (čad), Skr. कद्रु (kadru)
*keHro- wax Alb. huall/huell, Gk. κηρός (kērós), Ltv. kāre(s), Lith. korỹs
*kel- glue Gk. κόλλα (kólla), Lith. klijai, Polish klej, Russ. клей (klej)
*ke(n)g- hook Eng. hoc/hook, Gm. hâco/Haken, Ir. ailcheng/, Lith. kengė Pers. /čang, ON haki; hǫnk, Russ. коготь (kogot'),
*kenk- kneecap Eng. hēla/heel, Ltv. cinksla, Lith. kenkle, ON hǽll, Skr. कङ्काल (kañkāla)
*ker- cornel Alb. thanë, Gk. κράνεια (kráneia)/, Lat. cornus
*kerp- to pluck Eng. hærfest/harvest; harrow, Gm. hwerban/werben, Goth. ƕaírban, Gk. καρπός (karpós), Hitt karpinaš, Ir. cirrim/ciorraigh; corrán, Lat. carpere, Lith. kirpti, OCS črĕpŭ, ON hverfa, Skt. kṛpāṇas, Toch. kārp/kärp, Welsh par
*klen- maple XMK klinotrokhon, Eng. hlin/linn, Lith. klevas, Ltv. kļava, ON hlynr, Polish klon, Russ. клён (kljon), Welsh celyn
*knid- louse Alb. thërijë/thëni, Arm. անիծ (anic), Eng. hnitu/nit, Gm. hniz/Nisse, Gk. κονίς (konís), Ir. /sned, Ltv. gnīda, ON. gnit, Polish gnida, Russ. гнида (gnida), Welsh nedd
*kob- to succeed Eng. gehæp/happen, Gaul. Vercobius, Ir. cob/, OCS kobĭ, ON happ, Russ. кобь (kob'), Toch. akappi/
*kom with Alb kë/ka-, Eng. ge-/—, Gm. ga-/ge-, Goth. ga-, Gk. κοινός (koinós), Ir. com-/, Lat. cum, gemōt/gemot, OCS kŭ, ON g-, Polish k, Russ. к (k)
*koyló- naked Ir. cóil/caol, Welsh cul, Ltv. kaîls
*kóro- war Eng. herebeorg/harbour, Gaul. Tricorii, Gm. heri/Heer, Goth. harjis, Gk. κοίρανος (koíranos), Ir. cuire/, Kurd. šer, Ltv. kaŗš, Lith. karas, Old Prussian kargis, Polish kara, Russ. кара (kara), ON herr, Pers. kāra/kārzār
*kóslo- hazel Eng. hæsel/hazel, Gm. hasal/Hasel, Ir. coll/coill, Lat. corulus, Lith. kasulas, ON hasl, Welsh collen
*krem- onion Eng. hramsan/ramson, Gk. krómion, Ir. craim/creamh, Ltv. cermaukša; cērmūkslis, Lith. kermušė, Russ. черемша (čeremša), Welsh craf
*krewH- blood Av. xrūva, Eng. hrēaw/raw, Gm. hrāo/roh, Gk. κρέας (kréas), Ir. cró/creo, Lat. cruor, Lith. kraujas, Skr. क्रविस् (kravis), Ltv. krevele, OCS kruvi, ON hrár, Old Prussian crauyo, Polish krew, Russ. кровь (krov'), Welsh crau
*krey- to move, to separate Gk. κρίνω (krínō), Lat. cernō; cribrum, Proto-Germanic *hrīnaną; *hrainiz
*kroksko- leg Alb. krah, Lat. crūs, Lith. kirkaliai, OCS kraka, Russ. окорок (okorok), Skr. किष्कु (kiku)
*ksweyd- milk Av. xšvīd, Ltv. sviests, Lith. sviestas, Skr. क्ष्विद्यति (kvidyati)
*ku- (or *kus-) kiss Eng. kiss, Gm. küssen, Gk. κύσσω and κύσω, Hitt. kuwassanzi, Proto-Germanic *kussija-
*kwas- to cough Alb. kollë, Eng. hwōsta/, Gm. huosto/Husten, Ir. /casachdach, Kamviri kâsa, Ltv. kāsēt, Lith. kosėti, Polish kaszleć, Russ. кашлять (kašljat'), Toch. /kosi, ON hósta, Skr. कसाते (kasāte), Welsh pas
*kwat- sour Alb. cos, Eng. hwaþerian/, Goth. ƕaþō, Lat. cāseus, Ltv. kūsāt, OCS kvasŭ, Polish kwas, Russ. квас (kvas), Skr. क्वथ (kvatha)
*kwep- to boil Alb. kapit, Goth. afƕapjan, Gk. καπνός (kapnós), Hitt. kup, Lat. cupere, Ltv. kvēpēt, Lith. kvepėti, OCS kypĕti, ON hvap, Old Prussian kupsins, Russ. кипеть (kipet'), Skr. कुप्यति (kupyati), Toch. kāp/kāp