Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/kʷ

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*-kʷe enclitic "and" Latin -que, Gothic [script needed] (-u(h)), Ancient Greek τε (te), Sanskrit (ca), Lycian [script needed] (-ke), Luwian [script needed] (-ku), Albanian se, Breton -ge
*kʷel- to turn
*kʷeyH- quiet Latin quiēs, Old Norse hvíla, Old English hwil, English while, Old High German hwila, German Weile, Gothic [script needed] (ƕeila), Old Church Slavonic [script needed] (počiti), Russian почить (počitʹ), Sanskrit चिरम् (ciram), Avestan [script needed] (šāitiš), Old Persian [script needed] (šiyātiš)/[script needed] (šāh), Lycian [script needed] (tezi), Tocharian B śāte, Polish odpoczywać, Old Armenian հանգչիմ (hangčʿim), Lithuanian tylus
*kʷetwóres four Latin quattuor, Old Armenian չորք (čʿorkʿ), Albanian katër, Lithuanian keturi, Latvian četri, Gaulish petor, Old High German feor, German vier, Old English fēower, English four, Ancient Greek τέσσαρες (téssares), Avestan [script needed] (čaθwar), Old Irish cethir, Irish ceathair, Kashmiri [script needed] (tsor), Kamviri [script needed] (što), Oscan 𐌐𐌄𐌕𐌖𐌓𐌀 (petora), Old Norse fjórir, Old Prussian keturjāi, Ossetian [script needed] (cyppar)/[script needed] (cuppar), Old Persian [script needed] (čahār), Old Church Slavonic [script needed] (četyre), Polish cztery, Russian четыре (četyre), Sanskrit चतुर् (catur), Tocharian A śtwar/B śtwer, Thracian [script needed] (ketri-), Umbrian 𐌐𐌄𐌕𐌖𐌓 (petor), Gothic [script needed] (fidwor), Welsh pedwar, Breton pevar, Lycian [script needed] (teteri), Kurdish čwar
*kʷreyh₂- to buy Sanskrit क्रीणाति (krīṇā́ti), Lithuanian kraitis, Latvian kriens, Old Irish crenaid, Russian кренуть (krenutʹ), Tocharian A kuryar/B kärys, Ancient Greek πρίαμαι (príamai), Welsh prynu
*kʷrép-o- / *kʷr̥p-eh₂- body Latin corpus, Sanskrit कृपा (kṛpā), Avestan [script needed] (kərəfš), Albanian krep; shkrep; kërme, Old High German href, Old English hrif, English midriff, Ancient Greek πραπίς (prapís), Middle Irish crí, Welsh praff, Russian круп (krup)
*kʷr̥-mi- grub Sanskrit कृमि (kṛmi), Lithuanian kirmìs; kirmėlė, Latvian cērme, Albanian krimb/krymb, Old Irish cruimh, Old Church Slavonic [script needed] (črĭvĭ); [script needed] (čermnyi); [script needed] (črŭmĭnŭ), Russian червь (červʹ), Slovene čřn, Welsh pryf, Ossetian [script needed] (kalm), Old Persian [script needed] (kirm), Old Prussian girmis
*kʷékʷlo- *kʷol-o- wheel Ancient Greek [script needed] (pólos); [script needed] (pélesthai); [script needed] (pélein); κύκλος (kúklos), Latin colere, Tocharian A kukäl/B kokale, Sanskrit चक्र (cakra), Russian колесо (koleso), Old English hwēol, English wheel, Old Persian [script needed] (čarka)/[script needed] (čarx), Old Irish cul; bóchaill, Old Prussian kelan, Ossetian [script needed] (calx), Polish koło, Avestan [script needed] (čaxra); [script needed] (čaraiti), Albanian sjell, Old Norse hjól; hvel, Lithuanian kelias; kãklas, Luwian [script needed] (kaluti-), Welsh ymochel; dymchwel; bochel