Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/l

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*laks- salmon Eng. leax/—, Gm. lahs/Lachs, Ltv. lasis, Lith. lašiša, ON lax, Old Prussian lalasso, Toch. laks/läks, Polish łosoś, Russ. лосось (losos')
*laku- pond Albanian. llake, Arm. լիճ (lič), Eng. lagu/—, Gm. lagu/, Gk. λάκκος (lákkos), Ir. loch/loch, Lat. lacus, Lith. lekmenė, ON lǫgr, Serb. lokva
*las- eager Albanian lus, Eng. lust/lust, Gm. lust/Lust, Goth. lustus, Gk. lilaiomai, Ir. lainn, Lat. lascīvus, Lith. lokšnus, ON lyst, Russ. ласка (laska), Skr. लषति (laati)
*lat- swamp Gaul. Arelate, Gm. letto/letten, Gk. λάταξ (látaks), Ir. lathach/lathach, Ltv. Late, Lith. Latupė, Welsh llaid
*lebʰ- lip Eng. lippa/lip, Gm. /Lippe; lefs/Lefze, Kurd. léw, Lat. labĭum, Lith. lūpa, Pers. /lab, Russ. лобзать (lobzat'), Welsh llefaru
*legʰ- to lie down Alb. lagtë; lagje, Eng. lecgen/lie, Gaul. legasit, Gm. liggan/liegen, Goth. ligan, Gk. λέχομαι (lékhomai)/, Ir. lige/luighe, Lat. lectus, Ltv. lagača, Lith. lagaminas, OCS ležati, ON liggja, Polish leżeć, Russ. лежать (ležat'), Toch. lake/leke, Welsh lle; gwely
*leh₂u- to acquire Eng. lēan/loan, Gm. lōn/Lohn, Goth. laun, Gk. λεία (leía), Ir. lúag/; fo-lud/, Polish łowić, Lat. lucrum, Lith. lavinti, OCS lovŭ, ON laun, Russ. ловить (lovit'), Skr. लोतम् (lotam), Welsh llawen
*leh₂w- to pour, wash Albanian laj, Arm. լոգանամ (loganam), Eng. lēðran/lather; lye; lave, Gm. louga/Lauge, Gk. λοῦσις (loûsis), Hitt. lahhu- 'to pour', Ir. lóathar/; lúaith/, Lat. lavō, ON laug, Welsh luddw
*leh₂ywós-/*laywós- left (direction) Eng. lǣw/, Gm. lēwes/, Gk. laios, Illyr. Levo, Lat. laevus, Lith. išlaivoti, Polish lewy, OCS lĕvŭ, ON lǽn, Russ. левый (levyj)
*leh₃p- cow Alb. lopë, Ltv. lùops
*lendʰ- loin, kidney Eng. lenden/—, Gm. lenti/Lende, Lat. lumbus, ON lend, Russ. лядвие (ljadvie)
*lendʰo- steppe Albanian lendine, Eng. land, Gaul. landa, Gm. Land, Ir. land/lann, OCS ledina, ON land, Old Prussian lindan, Russ. ляда (ljada), Welsh llan
*lengʷʰ- lightweight Alb. lehtë, Av. ragu, Eng. lēoht/light, Gm. līht/leicht, Goth. līhts, Gk. ἐλαχύς (elakhús), Ir. laigiu/, Kashmiri lo.t, Lat. levis, Ltv. liegs, Lith. leñgva, OCS lĭgŭkŭ, Old Prussian lāngiseilingins, ON lēttr, Polish lekki, Russ. лёгкий (lëgkij), Skr. लघु (laghu), Toch. /lankŭtse, Welsh llaw
*ley- to pour Alb. lyse/lise, Goth. leithu, Gk. λείβω (leíbō), Hitt. lilái-, Ir. lie, Kurd. rijyan, Lat. libare, Lith. lieti; lytus, OCS liti, Old Prussian isliuns, Polish lac', Russ. лить (lit'), Skr. रियति (riyati), Welsh llifo; lliant
*leyǵʰ- to lick Arm. լիզեմ (lizem), Av. raēzate, Eng. liccian/lick, Gm. leckôn/lecken, Goth. bilaigon, Gk. λείχω (leíkhō), Kurd. lésínewe, Ir. lígim/, Kamviri liza, Lat. lingere; liggurīre, Ltv. laizīt, Lith. laižyti, Pers. lēsēdan, Polish lizać, ON sleikja, Russ. лизать (lizat'), Skr. लेढि (lehi), Welsh llyo
*leyg- to jump Eng. lācan/lark, Gm. leih/Leich, Goth. laiks, Gk. ἐλελίζω (elelízō)/, Ir. loíg/laogh, Lith. láigyti; liuoksėti, ON leikr, Pers. ālēxtan, Skr. रेजति (rejati)
*leykʷ- to leave Alb. le; la, Arm. լքանեմ (lkʿanem), Av. raexnah, Eng. lǣnan/lend, Gm. līhan/leihen, Goth. leiƕan, Gk. λείπω (leípō), Ir. léicid/, Lat. linquō, Ltv. likt, Lith. likti, ON ljá, Old Prussian polijcki, Pers. rēxtan, Russ. олек (olek), Skr. रिणक्ति (riakti)
*lewbʰ- to love Alb. lum; laps, Eng. lufu/love, Gm. liob/Liebe, Goth. liufs, Lat. lubet; libido, Lith. liaupsė, Polish lubić, OCS ljubŭ, ON ljúfr, Oscan loufit, Russ. любить (ljubit'), Skr. लुभ्यति (lubhyati)
*lewdʰ-o- people Alb. lind, Av. raoða, Eng. lēod/, Gm. liut/Leute, Ir. luss/, Goth. liudan, Gk. ἐλεύθερος (eleútheros), Lat. līber, Ltv. ļaudis, Lith. liaudis, OCS ljudĭje, ON ljóðr, Old Prussian ludis, Oscan Lúvfreís, Polish lud, Russ. люди (ljudi), Skr. रोधति (rodhati), Welsh llysiau
*lewǵ- to break Alb. lungë, Arm. լոյծ (loyc), Av. fra-uruxti, Eng. tōlūcan/, Gm. Lücke; Luke, Gk. λυγρός (lugrós)/, Ir. lucht/, Lat. lūgeō, Ltv. laûzt, Lith. láužti, Skr. रुजति (rujati), Welsh llwyth
*lewgʰ- to tell a lie Eng. lyge/lie, Gm. liogan/lügen, Goth. liugan, Ir. luige/, Lith. lugoti, OCS lŭgati, ON ljúga, Polish łgać, Russ. лгать (lgat'), Welsh llu
*lewk- bright; light Alb. gloq, Arm. լոյս (loys); լուսին (lusin), Av. raočant, Eng. lēoht/light, Gaul. leux, Gm. lioht/licht, Goth. liuhaþ, Gk. λευκός (leukós), Hitt. lalukkes, Ir. loscaim/loiscim, Kamviri luka; uč, Lat. lux; luna, Ltv. lauks, Lith. lauka, Luw. luha-, Lyc. luga, OCS luči, ON leygr, Old Prussian lauxnos, Oscan Lúvkis, Russ. луч (luč), Skr. रोचते (rocate), Toch. luk, Umbrian Vuvçis, Welsh llug; llewych
*lewk- lynx Arm. լուսանունք (lusanunkʿ), Gm. luhs/Luchs, Gk. λύγξ (lúnks), Ltv. lūsis, Lith. lūšis, MIr. lug, Old Eng. lox, Old Prussian luysis, Polish ryś, Russ. рысь (rys')
*lino-, *līno- flax Alb. liri/lîni, Czech len, Eng. lin/linen, Gm. lin/Leinen, Goth. lein, Gk. λίνον (línon), Ir. lín/líon, Lat. līnum, Ltv. lini, Lith. linas, OCS lĭnŭ, ON lín, Old Prussian linno, Polish len, Russ. лён (lën), Welsh llin
*luHs- louse Eng. lūs/louse, Gm. lūs/Laus, Lith. liulė, ON lús, Pers. riškToch luwa, Skr yūka, Welsh llau,