Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/t

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*tag- to touch Eng. þaccian/, Gk. τεταγών (tetagṓn), Gaul. Taximagulus, Ir. taise/tais, Lat. tangō
*tark- to twist Skr. तर्कु (tarkús), Old Prussian tarkue, Russ. торок (torok), Toch. tark/tärk, Gk. ἄτρακτος (átraktos), Lat. torqueō, Gm. drāhsil/drechseln, Alb. tjerr, Ir. torc/, Welsh torri, Eng. þweorh/thwart, Polish troki
*teh₂w- to melt OCS tajetŭ, Russ. таять (tajat'), Osset. тайын (thayun), Eng. þawian/thaw, Gm. thouwen/verdauen, Arm. թանամ (tʿanam), թան (tʿan), Gk. τήκω (tḗkō), Lat. tabēre, ON þeyja, Welsh tawdd; toddi, Ir. tám/, Skr. तोयम् (toyam), Lith. tyras, Ltv. tīrelis, Polish tajać
*temo- dark Skr. तमस् (tamas), Lith. tamsa; tamsus, Ltv. timt, Lat. tenebrae; temere, Av. təmah, OCS tĭmĭnŭ, Russ. тёмный (tjomnyj), Ir. temel/teimheal, Gm. demar/Dämmerung; dinstar/, Polish ciemny, Alb. terr, Av. temah, Pers. tār, Toch. /tamāsse, Illyr. Tomaros
*ténh₂us thin Lat. tenuis, Ir. tanae/tanaí, OCS tĭnŭkŭ, Russ. тонкий (tonkij), Skr. तनु (tanu), Gk. τανυ- (tanu-), Eng. þynne/thin, Gm. thunni/dünn, Pol. cienki, ON þunnr, Av. tanū, Pers. tanuk/tan, Lith. tévas, Ltv. tiêvs
*tep- warm Alb. ftoh/ftof, Hitt. tapašša, Ir. té; ten; timme, Welsh tân; twym, ON þefr, Eng. þefian/, Gm. duft/Duft; deftig, Skr. tápas; तपति (tápati), Av. tafnah; tāpaiti, Pers. tab; tafte(h), Lat. tepēre; tepor, Polish ciepły, Russ. тёплый (tjoplyj), OCS teplostĭ
*ter / *tero over, through Eng. þurh/through, Gm. durh/durch, Goth. þaírh, Lat. trāns, Russ. через (čerez), Umbrian traf, Skr. तिरस् (tirás), Av. tarō, Ir. tar/, Welsh tre/tri
*ter- to cross over Gk. τέρθρον (térthron), Alb. shtir, Hitt. tarzi, Skr. तरति (tarati), Gm. dremil/, Kamviri târa, Av. tar, Pers. viyatārayāma/, Osset. tærin, Illyr. Taros, Arm. թարմ (tʿarm), Lat. terminus, Umbrian termnome, Oscan teremenniú, ON þrǫmr
*ter- to shake, tremble *trem- Alb. tremb, Grk. τρέμω (trémō); τρόμος (trómos), Lat. tremō, Lith. trimti, Ltv. tremt, Toch. träm-/tremi
*tres- Av. trərəsaiti, Grk. τρέω (tréō), Ir. tarrach/, Lat. terrēre, Lith. trišu, Ltv. trisēt, OCS tręsǫ, Skr. त्रसति (trasati), Russ. трясти (trjasti)
*ters- dry Skr. तृष्यति (tyati), Av. taršu; taršna, Arm. թառամիմ (tʿaṙamim)); թարշամիմ (tʿaršamim), Gk. τέρσομαι (térsomai)/, Alb. ter, Lat. terra; torrēre, Ir. tart/; tír/, Eng. þurst/thirst, Gm. durri/dürr, Goth. þaursus, ON þurr, Lith. trōkšti, Kashmiri treśiho.t
*teter- grouse Lat. turtur, Russ. тетерев (teterev), Polish cietrzew, Lith. tetervà, Ltv. teteris, Skr. तित्तिर (tittirá), Gk. tétrax; tétaros; τετράων (tetráōn), MIr. tethra, ON þiðurr, Arm. տատրակ (tatrak), Old Prussian tatarwis, Pers. tadharv
*tewt-eh₂- tribe Gaul. touta, Oscan touto, Umbrian totam, Old Prussian tauto, Ir. túath, Illyr. Teuta, Hitt. tuzzi, Lyc. tuta, Lith. tauta, Ltv. tauta, Eng. þēod/thede, Gm. diutisc/Deutsch, Goth. þiuda, ON þjóð
*teḱs- to plait Lat. textō, Lith. tašýti, Ltv. tešu, Gk. téchnē; τέκτων (téktōn), Russ. тесла (tesla), Skr. तक्षति (tákati); tákṣan, Av. tašaiti; taša, Pers. ustašana/taš; tožel, OCS tešǫ; tesla, Hitt. takš, ON þexla, Gm. dehsa/Dachs, Ir. tál/, Alb. teshë; tollë
*tong- to think Alb. tangë/tângë, Eng. þencan/think, Gm. thenken/denken, Lat. tongēo, Oscan tanginúd, ON þekkja, Toch. tuk/takw, Goth. þangkjan, Welsh tank, Ir. di-thech/; for-tach/; fortoing/
*treb- dwelling Lat. trabēs; tribus, Oscan trííbúm, Umbrian tremnu, Lith. trobà, Ltv. traba, Eng. þorp/thorp, Gm. thorf/Dorf, ON þorp, Gk. τέρεμνον (téremnon), Welsh tref, MIr. treb
*trewd- to press Lat. trūdō, Alb. tredh; ndrydh, MWelsh cythrud, MIr. trott, Eng. þrēat/threat, Gm. firthriogan/verdrießen, ON þrjóta, Goth. usþriutan, OCS trudŭ; truždǫ, Russ. труд (trud)
*trosdo- thrush Lat. turdus, Lith. strazdas, Ltv. strazds, OCS drozdŭ, Russ. дрозд (drozd), Pol. drozd, ON þrǫstr, Eng. þrysce/thrush, Gm. thrōskala/Drossel, Ir. truit/truid, Welsh drudw(y), Gk. στρουθός (strouthós)
*tréyes, *tri- three Arm. երեք (erekʿ), Alb. tre/tri, Lith. trys, Ltv. trīs, Gaul. treis, Gm. drī/drei, Eng. þrēo/three, Gk. τρεῖς (treîs), Hitt. tri-, Av. θri, Illyr. tri-, Ir. treí/trí, Kashmiri tre, Lyc. trei, Kamviri tre, Oscan 𐌕𐌓𐌝𐌔 (trís), ON þrír, Old Prussian tri, Osset. æртæ (ærtæ), Pers. çi/se, OCS trĭje, Polish trzy, Russ. три (tri), Skr. त्रि (tri), Toch. tre/trai, Lat. trēs, Umbrian 𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌚 (trif), Goth. þreis, Welsh tri, Phryg. thri-
*twék-o- skin Skr. त्वचस् (tvacas), Hitt. tuekkas, Gk. σάκος (sákos), Kurd. twékl(e)
*télpo- space Skr. तल्प (tálpa), Lith. tilpti; telpù; talpà, Ltv. tilpt; telpu, Russ. толпа (tolpa), Toch. tsälp/tälp, Ir. -tella/; do-alla/
*tón-r̥- thunder Eng. þunor/thunder, ON þórr, Gm. Donar/Donner, Lat. tonāre, Gk sténein; ténnei, Skr. तन्यति (tányati), Pers. tundar, Pashto taṇā, Ir. torand/torann, W taran, Russ. стон (stón), OCS stenati, Lith. stenéti
*túH₁s-ont- a massive number
(-> thousand)
Gm. þūsunt/tausend, Eng. þusend/thousand, Goth. þusundi, Lith. tūkstantis, Ltv. tūkstots, OCS tysǫšti, ON þúsund, Polish tysiąc, Russ. тысяча (tysjača), Toch. tumane/tmām