Appendix:List of Proto-Indo-European roots/y

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Root Meaning Derivatives
*yeg- ice Eng. gicel/icicle, ON jaki, Gm. ichil/gicht, Ir. aig/oighear, Welsh ia, Lith. iža, Ltv. ieze, Russ. икра (ikra)
*yes- to boil, to foam Alb gjesh, Eng. gist/yeast, Gm. /Gischt, ON jǫstr, Welsh ias, Ir. ess/, Skr. यस्यति (yasyati), Gk. ζέω (zeō), Toch. yäs/
*yewg- to yoke, harness, join Skr. योग, युक्त, युज्
*yeh₁kwr̥- liver Skr. यकृत् (yakṛt), Lith. jeknos, Latv. aknas, Av. yākarə, Lat. iecur, Ir. iuchair/iuchair, Gk. ἧπαρ (hēpar), Russ. икра (ikra), Kamviri iâñi, Persian /jegar
*yeh₁r- year, season Goth. jēr, Eng. gēar/year, Av. yārə, Gk. ὥρα (ōra), Lat. hōrnus, Gm. jar/Jahr, ON ár, Persian dušiyaram/, Lith. jōrė, OCS jara, Russ. яровой (jarovoj), Polish jar
*yugóm yoke Eng. geoc/yoke, Skr. योग (yoga), Hitt. yukan, Lat. iugum, Gk. ζυγόν/ (zugon/), Av. yuj, Arm. լուծ (luc), Toch. yuk-/yuk-, Polish igo, Lith. jungas, Latv. jugt, Gm. joh/Joch, Goth. juk, OCS igo, Russ. иго (igo), Gaulish Veriugodnumnus, Kamviri iu, ON ok, Persian /yoġ, Welsh iau, Irish cuing/cuing
*yenh₂ter- brother-in-law's wife Lat. ianitrīcēs, Gk. ἐνάτηρ/ (enatēr/), Lith. jentė, Ltv. ietere, Russ. ятровь (jatrov'), Skr. यातृ (yātṛ), Kamviri iâri, Arm. ներ (ner), Phryg. ianatera, Polish jątrew