Appendix:List of protologisms by topic/third person singular gender neutral pronouns
Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Many third-person singular gender-neutral pronouns have been proposed. This is a list of those that have been proposed, whether they are attested in use or not. Those which are attested are repeated in an Appendix.
|Nominative (subject)||Accusative (object)||Possessive adjective||Possessive pronoun||Reflexive|
|Elverson||ey laughed||I kissed em||eir head hurts||that is eirs||ey feeds emself|
|Spivak (original)||e laughed||I kissed em||eir head hurts||that is eirs||e feeds emself|
|Spivak variants||e / ey laughed||I kissed em / eir||eir head hurts||that is eirs||e / ey feeds emself / eirself|
|sie and hir||sie laughed||I kissed hir||hir head hurts||that is hirs||sie feeds hirself|
|s/he and hir||s/he laughed||I kissed hir||hir head hurts||that is hirs||s/he feeds hirself|
|ze and hir||ze laughed||I kissed hir||hir head hurts||that is hirs||ze feeds hirself|
|xe||xe laughed||I kissed xem||xyr head hurts||that is xyrs||xe feeds xemself/xyrself|
|ve||ve laughed||I kissed ver||vis head hurts||that is vis||ve feeds verself|
|ze and mer||ze laughed||I kissed mer||zer head hurts||that is zers||ze feeds zemself|
|zie||zie laughed||I kissed zir||zir head hurts||that is zirs||zie feeds zirself|
|e, em, es||e laughed||I kissed em||es head hurts|
|e, em, e's||e laughed||I kissed em||e's head hurts||that is e's||e feeds emself|
|e and het||e laughed||I kissed het||het head hurts||that is hets||e feeds hetself|
|thon||thon laughed||I kissed thon||thons head hurts||that is thon's||thon feeds thonself|
|Humanist||hu laughed||I kissed hum||hus head hurts||that is hus||hu feeds huself|
|hesh||hesh laughed||I kissed hesh||hesh's head hurts||that is hesh's||hesh feeds heshself|
|ne||ne laughed||I kissed nem||nir head hurts||that is nirs||ne feeds nemself|
|hiser or his'er ||he'er laughed||I kissed him'er/himer||his'er/hiser head hurts||that is his'ers/hisers|
|en||en laughed||I kissed en||ens head hurts||that is ens||en feeds enself|
|hi||hi laughed||I kissed hem||hes head hurts||that is hes||hi feeds hemself|
|le||le laughed||I kissed lim||lis head hurts||that is lis||le feeds limself|
|himer||himer laughed||I kissed himer||himer's head hurts||that is himers||himer feeds himerself|
|ir||ir laughed||I kissed iro||irs head hurts||that is irs||ir feeds irself|
|se||se laughed||I kissed sim||sis head hurts||that is sis||se feeds simself|
|hse||hse laughed||I kissed hse||hse's head hurts||that is hse's||hse feeds hseself|
|co||co laughed||I kissed co||cos head hurts||that is co's||co feeds coself|
|tey, tem, ter||tey laughed||I kissed tem||ter head hurts||that is ters|
|tey||tey laughed||I kissed tem||term head hurts||that is terms||term feeds termself|
|shkle||shkle laughed||I kissed shkler/shklim||shklers head hurts||that is shklers||term feeds shklimself|
|ze||ze laughed||I kissed zim||zees head hurts||that is zees||ze feeds zeeself|
|per||per laughed||I kissed per||pers head hurts||that is pers||per feeds perself|
|na||na laughed||I kissed nan||nas head hurts||that is nas||na feeds naself|
|en||en laughed||I kissed ar||es head hurts||that is es||en feeds arself|
|rim||rim laughed||I kissed run||ris head hurts||that is ris||rim feeds rimself.|
|ae||ae laughed||I kissed ae||ae's head hurts||that is ae's||ae feeds aeself|
|ay||ay laughed||I kissed ay||ay's head hurts||that is ay's||ay feeds ayself|
|et||et laughed||I kissed et||ets head hurts||that is ets||et feeds etself|
|heshe||heshe laughed||I kissed hen||hes head hurts||that is hes||heshe feeds hemself|
|hann||hann laughed||I kissed hann||hanns head hurts||that is hanns||hann feeds hannself|
|herm||herm laughed||I kissed herm||herm's head hurts||that is herm's||herm feeds hermself|
|phe||phe laughed||I kissed phe||phe's head hurts||that is phe's||phe feeds phe's self|
- ^ "Transgender" pronouns coined by Christine M. Elverson of Skokie, Illinois, to win a contest in 1975. (Black, Judie, "Ey has a word for it", 1975-08-23.). Promoted as preferable to other major contenders (sie, zie and singular "they") by John Williams's Gender-neutral Pronoun FAQ (2004).
- ^ Popularized by LambdaMOO in 1991, based on the use of E, Ey, and Eir in The Joy of TeX by Michael Spivak (1983).
- ^ First recorded use on usenet: 1981-05-26, Chip Hitchcock, “receptors”, fa.sf-lovers, retrieved on 2007-01-01,
- ^ As used in science fiction like Peter David's Star Trek: New Frontier book series.
- ^ Example:
1998, Kate Bornstein, My Gender Workbook: how to become a real man, a real woman, the real you, or something else entirely, Psychology Press, LCC HQ1075.B69 1998, ISBN 9780415916738, LCCN 98134184:
- ^ A discussion about theory of Mind: a paper from 2000 that uses and defines these pronouns
- ^ Proposed by New Zealand writer Keri Hulme some time in the 1980s. Also used by writer Greg Egan for non-gendered artificial intelligences and "asex" humans.
1998 July 1, Greg Egan, Diaspora, Gollancz, ISBN 0-75280-925-3:
1995, Greg Egan, Distress, ISBN 1-85799-484-1:
- ^ Creel, Richard (1997), "Ze, Zer, Mer" (in English), APA Newsletters. The American Philosophical Association. URL accessed on 2006-05-15.
- ^ 1890 January, James Rogers, “That Impersonal Pronoun”, The Writer, volume 4, number 1, pages 12-13:
- ^ 1989 August 25, Stone, Victor J., “E Has a Modest Proposal on Ungendered Personal Pronouns”, New York Times:
- ^ proposed in 1884 by American lawyer Charles Converse. Reference: "Epicene", The Mavens' Word of the Day. Random House: 1998-08-12. URL accessed on 2006-12-20.
- ^ 1884 July 23, C. C. Converse, “A New Pronoun”, The Critic and Good Literature, number 31, page 55:
- ^ 1889 November, C. Crozat Converse, “That Desired Impersonal Pronoun”, The Writer, volume 3, number 2, pages 247-248:
- ^ Used in several college humanities texts published by Bandanna Books. Originated by editor Sasha Newborn in 1982.
- ^ 1998 July 23, Newborn, Sasha, “Humanist pronouns”, Usenet:
- ^ "Mrs. Ella Young Invents Pronoun. ("Mrs. Ella Young Invents Pronoun", 1912-01-07.). The original usage with the apostrophe appears to be Mrs. Young's intention and is found earliest.
- ^ 1971 December, “Desexing the Language”, New York (Ms.), page 103: , cited in 1994, Elizabeth Isele, “Casey Miller and Kate Swift: Women who dared to disturb the lexicon”, WILLA, volume 3, pages 8-10:
- ^ MediaMOO's "person" gender, derived from Marge Piercy's Woman on the Edge of Time (1979), in which people of 2137 use "per" as their sole third-person pronoun.