Appendix:Lower Sorbian nouns

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

This appendix is intended to help editors decide which declension-table template to use for various Lower Sorbian nouns. Be sure to look at the documentation for each template before you use it, as they all take different parameters.

Nouns with all three numbers[edit]

For nouns that can occur, at least in principle, in all three numbers (singular, dual, and plural), there are many different templates, which depend on the gender of the noun and on the final consonant of the stem (before the final vowel in the case of feminines and neuters).

Masculine[edit]

There are four templates for regular masculine nouns: {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} (which also includes class 18), {{dsb-decl-noun-19}} (which also includes classes 20–22), {{dsb-decl-noun-41}}, and {{dsb-decl-noun-m48}}. If you are unfamiliar with the numbered classes, just consider the final letter of the noun (and in some cases the genitive singular form) and find it in the following table:

Final letter Declension-table template Example word
a {{dsb-decl-noun-41}} šołta
b (with genitive in -ba) {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} klěb
b (with genitive in -bja) {{dsb-decl-noun-19}} gołub
c
ch
č
ć
{{dsb-decl-noun-19}} mjasec
tšach

gósć
d {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} grod
f {{dsb-decl-noun-17}}
g {{dsb-decl-noun-19}} rog
i {{dsb-decl-noun-m48}} muski
j
k
{{dsb-decl-noun-19}} kij
bok
ł {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} stoł
l {{dsb-decl-noun-19}} stil
m
n
{{dsb-decl-noun-17}} bom
nan
ń {{dsb-decl-noun-19}} tyźeń
o {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} or
{{dsb-decl-noun-19}}
depending on the preceding consonant
śeśko (see k)
p (with genitive in -pa) {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} ketšup
p (with genitive in -pja) {{dsb-decl-noun-19}}
r {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} wjacor
ŕ
s
š
{{dsb-decl-noun-19}} sudnikaŕ
cas
bratš
t {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} swět
w (with genitive in -wa) {{dsb-decl-noun-17}} law
w (with genitive in -wja)
z
ž
ź
{{dsb-decl-noun-19}} cerw
kněz
jež
mjadwjeź

The table above works only for regular nouns that have no stem changes. For nouns with stem changes, see Irregular nouns below.

Feminine[edit]

There are six templates for regular feminine nouns: {{dsb-decl-noun-1}} (which also includes class 2), {{dsb-decl-noun-3}}, {{dsb-decl-noun-4}} (which also includes classes 5), {{dsb-decl-noun-6}}, {{dsb-decl-noun-7}} (which also includes classes 8 and 9), and {{dsb-decl-noun-f48}}. The choice of template depends first on whether the noun ends in a consonant or in -a, and if it ends in -a, what consonant precedes that -a; in the case of {{dsb-decl-noun-f48}} the form of the genitive singular is decisive.

Ending of noun Declension-table template Example word
ba {{dsb-decl-noun-1}} ryba
c {{dsb-decl-noun-7}} noc
ca {{dsb-decl-noun-6}} wójca
cha {{dsb-decl-noun-1}} pcha
č
ć
{{dsb-decl-noun-7}}  
kósć
da
dza
{{dsb-decl-noun-1}} loda
łdza
fa {{dsb-decl-noun-1}}
ga {{dsb-decl-noun-3}} droga
j
(except -wej)
{{dsb-decl-noun-7}}
ja {{dsb-decl-noun-4}} cerkwja
ka (with genitive in -ki) {{dsb-decl-noun-3}} kócka
ka (with genitive in -keje) {{dsb-decl-noun-f48}} žeńska
ła {{dsb-decl-noun-1}} knigła
l {{dsb-decl-noun-7}} mysl
la {{dsb-decl-noun-4}} góla
m {{dsb-decl-noun-7}}
ma
na
{{dsb-decl-noun-1}} zyma
malina
ń
p
{{dsb-decl-noun-7}} dłoń
 
pa
ra
{{dsb-decl-noun-1}} lipa
škóra
ŕ
s
{{dsb-decl-noun-7}}  
gus
sa {{dsb-decl-noun-6}} adresa
š {{dsb-decl-noun-7}} myš
ša
(except -tša)
{{dsb-decl-noun-6}}
ś {{dsb-decl-noun-7}} smjerś
śa {{dsb-decl-noun-4}}
ta
tša
{{dsb-decl-noun-1}} minuta
sotša
w {{dsb-decl-noun-7}}
wa {{dsb-decl-noun-1}} krowa
wej {{dsb-decl-noun-4}} britwej
z {{dsb-decl-noun-7}}
za
(except -dza)
{{dsb-decl-noun-6}} kóza
ž {{dsb-decl-noun-7}}
ža {{dsb-decl-noun-6}} kóža
ź {{dsb-decl-noun-7}}

Neuter[edit]

There are six templates for regular neuter nouns: four for those whose genitive singular ends in -a and two for those whose genitive singular ends in -ego. The four for those with genitive in -a are {{dsb-decl-noun-24}} (which also includes class 26), {{dsb-decl-noun-28}} (which also includes classes 27, 29, and 30), {{dsb-decl-noun-33}} (which also includes classes 34, 35, and 36), and {{dsb-decl-noun-37}} (which also includes class 39). The two for those with genitive in -ego are {{dsb-decl-noun-n47}} and {{dsb-decl-noun-n48}}.

Ending of noun Declension-table template Example word
co
cho
{{dsb-decl-noun-28}} woblico
 
će {{dsb-decl-noun-33}}
ćo {{dsb-decl-noun-28}} źowćo
do {{dsb-decl-noun-24}} blido
je (with genitive in -ja) {{dsb-decl-noun-33}} cytanje
je (with genitive in -jenja or -jeśa) {{dsb-decl-noun-37}} semje, jagnje
jo
ko
{{dsb-decl-noun-28}} mórjo
jabłuko
ło {{dsb-decl-noun-24}} śěło
le (with genitive in -la) {{dsb-decl-noun-33}} pónjeźele (literary forms)
le (with genitive in -lego) {{dsb-decl-noun-n48}} pónjeźele (colloquial forms)
le (with genitive in -leśa) {{dsb-decl-noun-37}} śele
lo {{dsb-decl-noun-28}}
mo {{dsb-decl-noun-24}} pismo
ne (with genitive in -nego) {{dsb-decl-noun-n47}} tucne
no
po
ro
{{dsb-decl-noun-24}} wokno

 
so
šo
{{dsb-decl-noun-28}} měso
zajtšo
śe (with genitive in -śa) {{dsb-decl-noun-33}} lěśe
śe (with genitive in -śeśa) {{dsb-decl-noun-37}} huśe
to
wo
{{dsb-decl-noun-24}} awto
słowo
zo
žo
{{dsb-decl-noun-28}}
źe (with genitive in -źa) {{dsb-decl-noun-33}}
źe (with genitive in -źeśa) {{dsb-decl-noun-37}} młoźe

Nouns with only one number[edit]

For singular-only nouns, such as mass nouns (e.g. kšej) and proper nouns (e.g. Chóśebuz), you can use:

and for plural-only nouns (so-called pluralia tanta) you can use:

Irregular nouns[edit]

Irregular nouns and those in declension classes without a specific template can use the all-purpose templates: