Appendix:Northern Sami given names

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A preliminary list of Northern Sami given names[edit]

Since the sixteenth century Sami persons have been officially registered with Swedish, Norwegian or (since the nineteenth century) Finnish given names. Sami forms of such names were used among Sami speakers. A few original Sami names were used as nicknames of Christian names, for example Juoksa for Josef. Sami names also survived in place names and family names.

Sami spellings of given names were first listed in the 1980s. The list below is based on a list in a Northern Sami dictionary and a Finnish name day calendar. It may contain archaic names, name suggestions, and name forms in other Sami languages.

The explanations after the dash are mainly cognates or renderings in Finnish (fi/), Swedish (sv/) and Norwegian (no/). When the source of the explanation is not mentioned, it comes from the name list in the dictionary. (SA) means the article by Samuli Aikio. Explanations preceded by an asterisk (*) are speculations based on the other names on the calendar day and/or modern Northern Sami words.

Male[edit]

Eret - *Erik
Erke - *Erik. Also a surname.
Ertno - *sv/Ernst
Esájas - Esaias
Feles - *Felix
Filpa - *Filip
Fretterat - *Fredrik
Fretteret - *Fredrik
Gábe - Gabriel, fi/Kaapi
Gáhppá - Gabriel
Gáiju - *Kai
Gáivvaš
Gáktu
Gállagas - *fi/Kaleva,Kalevi
Gállá - Karl, Kalle
Gáppe - Gabriel, fi/Kaapi
Gárral - Karl, fi/Kaarlo
Gávgu
Gealbu - *gealbu (fitness, ability)
Gearral
Geažotmiella - *compound name of Sami origin
Guhtur - no/Guttorm, fi/Kuttura. Also a surname
Guivi - no/Kvive
Gunnár - *sv/Gunnar
Gusto - Gustav, fi/Kustaa
Gustu - Gustav, fi/Kustaa,Kustu
Gustu Ádolfe - *sv/Gustav Adolf
Hánas - Hans, fi/Hannu
Hánno - Hans, fi/Hannu
Hánsa - Hans, fi/Hannu,Hanssi. Also a surname
Háral - *sv/Harald
Hárri - *sv/Harry, *fi/Harri, *hárri (care)
Heaibmu - *heaibmu (tribe), *fi/Heimo. Also a surname
Heaika - Henrik, fi/Heikki
Heammu - sv,no/Hemming, fi/Hemmo,Hemminki
Heandarat - Henrik
Hegon - Henrik
Heige - Henrik, fi/Heikki
Heigen - Henrik, fi/Heikki
Heijá - Henrik, fi/Heikki
Heike - Henrik, fi/Heikki
Heikko - Henrik, fi/Heikki
Hendá - Henrik, fi/Henttu
Henddo - Henrik, fi/Henttu. Also a surname
Heneš
Hennet
Hentto - Henrik, fi/Henttu
Herko - *fi/Herkko, Herman
Holger - *sv/Holger
Hugo - *Hugo
Iđga
Iiggá - Isaac, fi/Iikka
Iisku - Isaac, fi/Iisko
Iissát - Isaac, fi/Iisakki
Ilbmar - *fi/Ilmari
Imbá - *Immanuel
Indu - *indu (enthusiasm), *fi/Into
Irján - George, fi/Yrjänä
Iskko - Isaac, fi/Iisko
Issát - Isaac, fi/Iisakki. Also a surname
Ivvár - no,sv/Ivar, fi/Iivari
Jágát - no,sv/Jakob, fi/Jaakko
Jágo - no,sv/Jakob, fi/Jaakko
Jáhken - *Joakim
Jáhko - no,sv/Jakob, fi/Jaakko
Jáhkot - *Jakob
Jálbmár - *sv/Hjalmar, *fi/Jalmari
Járre - no,sv/Jakob, fi/Jaakko
Járri - no,sv/Jakob, fi/Jaakko
Jeansa - no,sv/Jens
Joavnna - no,sv/Jon, fi/Jouni
Joel - *Joel
Johanas - *Johannes
Johá - no,sv/Johan, fi/Juha
Johán - no,sv/Johan
Johánas - Johannes
Jompá - *Jonas. Also a surname
Joná - Jonah, Jonas, fi/Joona
Jonás - Jonas
Jonne - no,sv/Johan, fi/Juhani, Junni
Jonsá- Johannes. Also a surname
Joŋgu
Joret - sv/Jörgen, fi/Jyrki
Jorge - sv/Jörgen, fi/Jyrki
Jorgen - sv/Jörgen, fi/Jyrki
Josát - sv,no/Josef, fi/Joosef
Jovnna - sv,no/Jon, fi/Jouni
Jovnnás - Jonas
Jovsset - Josef. Also a surname
Jovssut - Josef
Jovvá - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani
Juffe - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani
Juhán - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani
Juho - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juho. Also a surname
Julejus - *Julius
Jullá - *Julius
Junne - fi/Juhani,Junne,Junnu
Juŋgi
Juŋkil
Junte - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani,Juntti
Juoksa - (SA)juoksa("bow"), fi/Jousia, -joutsi; used to render Josef. Also a surname
Jusát- Josef
Jussá - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani,Jussa
Jusse - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani,Jussi. Also a surname
Jussenaš - fi/Jussi
Juvvá - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani,Juuva
Juvven - sv,no/Johan, fi/Juhani
Kállá - Karl, Kalle
Kálle - Karl, Kalle
Kárral - Karl, fi/Kaarlo
Klemmá - fi/Klemetti (Clement)
Lágon - sv,no/Lars, fi/Lassi
Lájár - sv,no/Lars, fi/Lassi
Láras - sv,no/Lars, fi/Lassi
Lárá - *fi/Ilari
Lársa - sv,no/Lars, fi/Lassi
Lásse - sv,no/Lars, fi/Lassi
Lávo - *Nikolaus
Lávra - sv/Laurits, fi/Lauri
Lávrrahaš - diminutive of Lávra/Lávrras
Lávrras - sv/Laurits, fi/Lauri
Lávrrohaš - diminutive of Lávra/Lávrras
Leaifa - *sv/Leif
Leammá - fi/Klemetti,Lemmu (Clement)
Leammu - fi/Klemetti,Lemmu (Clement). Also a surname
Ledjo - *Leo
Lejo - *Leo
Lemet - fi/Klemetti (Clement). Also a surname
Lemmá - fi/Klemetti,Lemmu (Clement)
Lenne - *sv/Lennart
Máde - *Mattias
Mádes - sv,no/Mattias,Mats, fi/Matti
Máđen - sv,no/Mattias,Mats, fi/Matti
Máhtte - sv,no/Mattias,Mats, fi/Matti
Máhtto - sv,no/Mattias,Mats, fi/Matti
Máidnu - *máidnu (praise), *fi/Mainio
Márkkos - *Markus
Márte - Martin, fi/Martti
Márten - *Martin
Mávdnos - Magnus, fi/Mauno
Mávnos - Magnus, fi/Mauno
Mávra - *fi/Mauri, sv/Moritz
Mávrres - *fi/Mauri, *sv/Moritz
Mellet
Mielat - *miella (mind), *archaic fi/Mielitty
Migál - Mikael
Migáš - Mikael
Migil - Mikael
Migos - Mikael
Migoš - Mikael
Migot - Mikael
Mihka
Mihkil - Mikael
Mihkkal - *Mikael
Mihkkel - Mikael
Mihkkil - Mikael. Also a surname
Mihkku - Mikael
Mikkal - Mikael
Mikko - Mikael, fi/Mikko
Mikkol - Mikael. Also a surname
Mikku - Mikael
Milot - *variant of Mielat
Mohkku
Mokci
Morte - no/Morten, fi/Martti
Morten - no/Morten, fi/Martti
Mortu - no/Morten, fi/Martti
Mures - *fi/Mauri, *sv/Moritz
Nanit - Andreas
Náhkol - Andreas
Náinnas
Nibá - Nikolaus
Nigá - *Nikolaus
Nigo - Nikolaus
Nihkke - Nikolaus
Nihkko - Nikolaus
Nihkolávo - Nikolaus
Nihkul - fi/Nikolai
Niikke - Nikolaus
Niikko - Nikolaus
Niilá - Nikolaus, fi/Niilo,Niila
Niillas - Nikolaus, fi/Niila,Niiles
Niillá - Nikolaus
Niillán- Nikolaus
Nilá - Nikolaus, fi/Niila
Nilán - Nikolaus
Nilke - Nikolaus
Nillá - Nikolaus
Nilpa - Nikolaus, fi/Nilppi
Nilsa - Nikolaus, fi/Niiles
Nilse - Nikolaus, fi/Niiles. Also a surname
Ninna - Nikolaus
Njulgu
Nuhtte - Knut. Also a surname
Nunná
Nuvtte - Knut
Oaván - *oaván (brave), *fi/Urho
Oge -*sv/Åke
Oijá
Olá - Olav
Olen - Olav. Also a surname
Olet - Olav
Olle - Olav
Ommot - no/Amund, fi/Amunti. Also a surname
Orddot
Oskár - Oskar, fi/Oskari
Osku - *osju (faith), *fi/Usko
Otto - *Otto
Ovla - sv,no/Ola (Olav), fi/Oula
Ovlin - sv,no/Ola (Olav), fi/Oula
Ovlá = Ovllá
Ovllá - sv,no/Ola (Olav), fi/Oula
Piera - Peter, fi/Piera
Poalla
Ráffo - *Rafael
Ráidner
Rálfa - *sv/Ralf
Ránso - *sv/Frans
Rásmos - Rasmus. Also a surname
Rássa
Rástoš - Rasmus. Also a surname
Rásttoš
Rávdnár - *sv/Ragnar
Rávle - *sv/Ralf, *fi/Rauli
Reaidnu - *fi/Reino
Rede - *Fredrik
Riggu
Riibma
Riigu - *fi/Reijo, *sv/Gregorius
Rijá - Andreas. Also a surname
Rikkar - *Rikhard
Robe - *Robert
Robearta - *Robert
Rolfa - *Rolf,Rudolf
Ruben - *sv/Ruben
Ruigi
Sáhkár - *sv/Zacharias, *fi/Sakari
Sálá - Salomon
Sálbmo - *Salomon
Sálmmo - Salomon
Sálmo - Salomon
Sámmol - Samuel. Also a surname.
Sáppá
Sárra - (SA)Sami origin. Also a surname
Sárrajuoksa - *compound name of Sami origin
Sávlos - *Saul
Selen
Sierge
Siiggur - *sv/Sigurd
Siivár - sv,no/Sivert
Silvu - *Sylvester
Simit - Simeon. Also a surname
Simmá - Simeon. Also a surname
Simmon - Simeon
Sivdda - sv,no/Sivert
Speaidna - sv/Sven, no/Svein, fi/Soini. Also a surname
Tobejas - *Tobias. Also a surname
Uđđi
Uđjjus
Uhkku - *uhkku (old man), *fi/Ukko
Ulmmá
Urbán - Urban, fi/Urpo
Uvllá - sv,no/Ola, fi/Uula
Valljáš - *valljái (plentiful), *fi/Viljo
Válde - *Valdemar
Vállju - *vállju (elite, choice), *fi/Valio
Válter - *Valter
Veaidnu - fi/Väinö
Veaiku - *fi/Veikko
Vide - *sv/Arvid
Viggu
Viktor - *Viktor
Vilhealbma - *Vilhelm
Ville - *Vilhelm
Volbmar - *Valdemar
Vulle - Olav, fi/Olli,Olle
Vuoitu - *vuoitu (victory), *fi/Voitto
Vuolát - Olav. Also a surname
Vuollá - Olav

Female[edit]

Agát - *Agatha
Aliinná - *Alina
Aliissá - *Alisa(=Alice)
Amándá - *Amanda
Ádá - *sv/Ada
Áidná - *áidná (only, sole), *fi/Aina
Áidnu - *áidnu (only, sole), *fi/Aino
Áila - fi/Aili
Áile - fi/Aili
Áirá - *fi/Aira
Áire - *fi/Airi
Álbma - *Alma
Álehttá - Aletta, Alette
Álet - Aletta, Alette
Álgen
Állet - Aletta, Alette
Álvá - *sv/Alfhild
Ánet - *sv,fi/Anita
Ánná - Anna
Ánne - Anne, fi/Anni
Ássá - sv/Åsa, fi/Assa
Ásta - *sv/Asta
Ástá - *sv/Asta
Ávdnos - Anna, Anne, fi/Anni; *Agnes
Ávrá - *Aura
Bávlá - *fi/Paula
Biellá
Biergá
Biggá = Bikká
Bigge- Birgit
Biijá - Berit, Birit, fi/Pirita, fi/Riitu; *calendar day shared with Piijá, *sv/Pia
Bikká - Birgit
Biret - Berit, Birit, fi/Pirita, fi/Riitu
Birgget - Birgit
Birrá - Berit, Birit, fi/Pirita, fi/Riitu
Birtá - Bertha, fi/Bertta
Buohttá - sv,no/Botild, sv,no/Bodil
Čuvje
Dárjá - *fi/Tarja(=Daria)
Dávdna
Delle - *variant of Edel
Diinná - Tina, fi/Tiina
Duiri - *fi/Tuire
Dulá - *fi/Tuula
Duojá
Duová - *sv/Tove, *fi/Tuovi
Edel - *sv/Etel
Eijá - *fi/Eija
Eirá - *fi/Eira
Eivor - *sv/Eivor
Elbmá - *Elma
Eliissá - Elisa, Elise, fi/Eliisa
Ellá - *Ellen,Ella
Elle - Ellen, fi/Elli
Ello - Ellen, fi/Elli
Elsá - *Elsa
Elssá - Elsa, Else
Elve
Emmá - Emma
Emmoš - Emma
Ervá
Ester - *Ester
Evá - Eva, fi/Eeva
Florá - *sv/Flora
Gáddjá - fi/Kaija (Katarina)
Gáhte - no,sv/Katarina, fi/Kati
Gáhteriinná - no,sv/Katarina, fi/Kat(a)riina
Gáre - no/Kari, fi/Kaari, no,sv/Karin
Gáren - no,sv/Karin, fi/Kaarina
Gealá
Geardá - *sv/Gerda
Gearte - *sv/Gertrud, *fi/Kerttu
Giđeš - *giđđa (spring), *sv/Verna
Gierá
Girste - no,sv/Kirsten, fi,no/Kirsti
Giste
Gollá - *gollas (golden)
Gunná - sv/Gun, sv,no/Gunhild
Gunvor - *sv/Gunvor (listed as male in Yn2008)
Gutnel - sv,no/Gunhild
Hánna - *Hanna
Hánná - Hanna
Heide - *Heidi
Heidi - *Heidi
Helbme - *helbmo (pearl), *fi/Helmi
Heleainná - *Helena
Helená - *Helena
Helgá - *Helga
Helve
Henná - *fi/Henna, *sv/Henrika
Hilbmá - *Hilma
Hildá - *Hilda
Hilká - *fi/Hilkka
Hillá
Ibbá - sv,no/Ebba, Ibba
Iidá - Ida, fi/Iida
Iiddá - Ida, fi/Iida
Iinná - *fi/Iina, *sv/Ina
Ikká - *sv/Inga,Inger
Iŋgá - no,sv/Inga, fi/Inka
Iŋger - no,sv/Inger, fi/Inkeri
Iŋgir - no,sv/Inger, fi/Inkeri
Iŋŋer - *sv/Inger
Irbmá - *Irma
Isá - *sv/Isabella
Janihtá - *fi/Janita
Janiinná - *fi/Janina
Jaská - *jaska (quiet), *fi/Hilja
Johánná - Johanna
Juđet - *Judit
Juhánná - *Johanna
Juljá - *Julia
Juoksáhkká - (SA) mythology, *juoksa (bow) + *áhkká (wife)
Kariinná - *sv/Carina
Karoliinná - *Karolina
Káhtariinná - *Katarina
Káre - no,sv/Karin, fi/Kaarina
Károliinná - Karolina, fi/Karoliina
Kearte - *fi/Kerttu, *sv/Gertrud
Kirste - no,sv/Kirsten, fi,no/Kirsti
Kristiinná - Kristina
Láidná - *fi/Laina
Láilá - sv,no,fi/Laila
Lávrá - *Laura
Leainná - *Lena
Leandu
Leinná - Lena, fi/Leena
Lejá - *Lea
Lená - Lena, fi/Leena
Lieđđi - *lieđđi (flower)
Liisá - *Lisa
Liissá - Lisa, fi/Liisa
Liljá - *liljá (lily), *fi/Lilja
Lindá - *Linda
Linne - *Linnea
Livli - *Lydia
Lohcca - sv,no,fi/Lotta
Lohttá - *Lotta
Lottá - *Lotta
Luviissá - *sv/Lovisa(=Louisa), *fi/Loviisa
Magredá - *Margareta
Mariánná - *sv/Marianne
Mariánne - *sv/Marianne
Marihttá - *sv,fi/Marita
Matildá - *Matilda
Máddjá - sv,no/Maja, fi/Maija
Máddji - sv,no/Maja, fi/Maija
Mággá - Margareta, fi/Magga
Mágredá - Margareta
Máidna
Máijá - sv,no/Maja, fi/Maija
Máilá - *fi/Maila
Máire - *fi/Maire
Mákke - Margareta, fi/Maggi
Máre - fi,no,sv/Mari, fi/Maari
Máren - ??/Marena
Máret - Margareta, sv,no/Marit, fi/Maaret
Márge - Margareta
Márgget - Margareta
Márgrehtá - Margareta
Márgreittá - Margareta
Márgu - Margareta
Márjá - Maria
Márjjá - Maria
Mártá - *Marta
Mávdná - *sv/Magna, Magnhild
Mávnnel - *sv/Magnhild
Meartá - *sv/Märta (Margareta)
Meret - *sv/Märit (Margareta)
Merjá - *fi/Merja
Miijá - *fi/Miia, *sv/Mia
Miinná - *fi/Miina (=Wilhelmina)
Miljá - *fi/Milja (=Emilia)
Mimmi - *sv,fi/Mimmi
Minná - *fi/Minna
Mirjá - *fi/Mirja (=Miriam)
Náná
Nánná
Násti - *násti (star), *sv/Stella
Nienná - ??/Nenna (gender not given). Also a surname
Niná - *Nina
Njáveš - *mythology (Njávešeatni)
Norá - *Nora
Oajá
Oggi
Oile - *fi/Oili, =Olga
Olgá - Olga
Piijá - *sv/Pia, *fi/Piia; compare Biijá
Ráfi - *ráfi (peace), *fi/Rauha
Ráhkel - *sv/Rakel
Ráijá - *fi/Raija
Rávdná - fi/Rauna,Rauni
Redá - Margareta, fi/Reetta
Regiinná - *sv/Regina
Rihttá - *fi/Riitta
Riidá - sv,no/Brita, fi/Riitta
Riittá - sv,no/Brita, fi/Riitta
Risten - Kristina
Ristiinná - Kristina
Ruhte - *sv/Ruth
Ruvsá - *ruvsá (rose), *sv/Rosa
Sáben - Sabina
Sábin - Sabina
Sáddja
Sáibmi - *fi/Saimi
Sánná - Sanna (Susanna)
Sárá - Sara, fi/Saara
Sáráhkká - (SA) mythology, *uncertain first element + *áhkká (wife)
Seará
Selbmá - *Selma
Selggo
Seljo - *sv/Cecilia
Siinná - fi/Siina, no,sv/Sina
Sikká - sv,no/Sigrid, fi/Siiri
Silvá - *Sylvia
Sire - sv,no/Siri, fi/Siiri
Siru - *fi/Siru
Sive - *sv/Siv
Sivnne - *sv/Signe
Soabá
Sofe - Sofia
Soffá - *Sofia
Sojá - *sv/Svea (?)
Soljá - *fi/Solja
Solla - *fi/Solja
Sonjá - *sv,fi/Sonja
Sunná - Susanna, fi/Sunna
Suoinná - *suoidni (hay), *fi/Heini
Suonjar - *suonjar (ray), *fi/Säde
Susánna - *Susanna
Susánná - Susanna
Sussu - Susanna
Šealggá
Šeará
Teresá - *Teresa
Tiinná - *sv/Tina, *fi/Tiina
Tildá - *Tilda, Matilda
Tuá - *sv/Tua
Uksáhkká (SA) mythology, *uksa (door) + *áhkká (wife)
Ullá - *sv,fi/Ulla
Unni - *unni (small); compare *no/Unni
Vábo - *Valborg
Válbor - sv,no/Valborg, fi/Valpuri
Várbu - *fi/Varpu
Várvá
Venlá - *fi/Venla
Verá - *Vera
Viivvá - *sv/Vivi, *fi/Viivi
Vilbmá - *sv,fi/Vilma
Virba - *fi/Virpi
Virvá - *fi/Virva
Vuohkku - *fi/Vuokko

References[edit]

  • Yliopiston nimipäiväalmanakka 1997, Otava 2007, ISSN 1238-6073, 997262-9701. A name day calendar of Finland, by the University of Helsinki. Particularly list of Sami name days by Pekka Sammallahti on pages pages 37 - 41 and an article on Sami names by Samuli Aikio on pages 74-78. (All names in normal typeface were listed here)
  • Pekka Sammallahti: Sámi-suoma sátnegirji / Saamelais-suomalainen sanakirja, Jorgaleaddji Oy 1989, ISBN 9518939039 . A Northern Sami - Finnish dictionary. Particularly list of given names on pages 524-527 and surnames on pages 520 - 523. ( Names in italics were listed here, but not in Yliopiston nimipäiväalmanakka. )