Appendix:Proto-Germanic/-þiz

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This entry contains Proto-Germanic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-tis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*-þiz f

  1. Forms abstract nouns from verb roots, usually from strong verbs.

Declension[edit]


Usage notes[edit]

There are several variant forms based on the final consonant of the stem and the original position of the accent:

  • Ending in a dental: *-siz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Ending in an obstruent: *-tiz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Otherwise: *-þiz, *-diz

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

This suffix was no longer productive in the daughter languages. The following lists outcomes of derived terms.

  • Old English: -þ
    • English: -th
  • Old Saxon: -th
  • Old Dutch: *-t
    • Dutch: -d, -t
  • Old High German: -d
    • German: -d
  • Old Norse: -ðr
    • Icelandic: -ður
    • Swedish: -d
    • Danish: -d
  • Gothic: -𐌸𐍃 (-þs)