Appendix:Proto-Germanic/-þuz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-tus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*-þuz m

  1. Forms result nouns from verb roots, usually from strong verbs.

Declension[edit]


Usage notes[edit]

There are several variant forms based on the final consonant of the stem and the original position of the accent:

  • Ending in a dental: *-suz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Ending in an obstruent: *-tuz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Otherwise: *-þuz, *-duz

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

This suffix was no longer productive in the daughter languages. The following lists outcomes of derived terms.

  • Old English: -þ
    • English: -th
  • Old Saxon: -th
  • Old Dutch: *-t
    • Dutch: -d
  • Old High German: -d
    • German: -d
  • Old Norse: -ðr
    • Icelandic: -ður
    • Faroese: -ður
    • Swedish: -d
    • Danish: -d
  • Gothic: -𐌸𐌿𐍃 (-þus)