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This entry contains Proto-Germanic reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




*-iz (adjective *-izô)

  1. -er. Forms the comparative of certain adverbs.

Usage notes[edit]

This was the normal comparative suffix for all i-, u- and ja-stem adverbs. The regular a-stem adverbs sometimes used this suffix, and sometimes the related suffix *-ōz without any predictable rule.

Derived terms[edit]

Category Proto-Germanic comparative adverbs not found


Most of these descendants eventually replaced the suffix with the equivalent from the adjectives, because the older adverbial suffix was no longer distinctive after the loss of final *-iz.

  • Old English: -
  • Old Frisian: -
    • West Frisian: -er
  • Old Saxon: -
  • Old Dutch: -
    • Middle Dutch: -
  • Old High German: -
  • Old Norse: -r
  • Gothic: -𐌹𐍃 (-is)