Appendix:Proto-Germanic/-naną

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reconstructed by Ringe[1] from an alternating suffix *-nō- (singular) ~ *-na- (nonsingular), from Proto-Indo-European *-néh₂- ~ *-nh₂-, from n-infix presents to laryngeal-final roots that were reanalysed as a separate suffix (as in several other branches).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

*-naną

  1. Forms fientive verbs, with a sense of 'to become (the base)'.

Conjugation[edit]

These verbs are always intransitive, so there are no passive forms. They seemed to have originally lacked a past participle as well.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

This suffix was preserved as a separate class only in Gothic. In Old High German, it mostly merged with the third weak class, while in the other descendants it merged with the second weak class.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006