Appendix:Proto-Germanic/kūz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws. Cognates include Armenian կով (kov), Latvian govs, Persian گاو (gāv), Sanskrit गो (go), Latin bōs and Irish .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*kūz f

  1. a cow

Declension[edit]

The exact inflection of this word is uncertain, but likely alternated between the stems *kū- and *kwō-. The former originates from an earlier *kwōu- in which the long vowel was assimilated to the adjacent labials.


Descendants[edit]

  • Old English:
    • Middle English: cu, cou
      • Scots: coo
      • English: cow
        • Abenaki: kaoz (from "cows")
  • Old Frisian:
    • North Frisian: ko,
    • West Frisian: ko
    • Saterland Frisian: Ku
  • Old Saxon:
    • Middle Low German:
      • Low German: Koh
      • Plautdietsch: Koo
  • Old Dutch: kuo
  • Old High German: kuo
    • Middle High German: kuo
      • German: Kuh
      • Luxembourgish: Kou
      • Yiddish: קו (ku)
  • Old Norse: kýr, ko