Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/ḱer-

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Root[edit]

*ḱer-

  1. horn, upper part of the head
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script?] (karau̯ar), [script?] (surna)
    • Luwian: [script?] (zurni)
    • > Persian: سرنای (sornây)
  • Celtic:
    • Gaulish: *carnon "horn", carnuātus "horned"
      • > Ancient Greek: κάρνον (kárnon, Gallic horn)
  • Germanic: *hurną (< ḱr̥h₂n-, ḱr̥-no-)
  • Italic:
  • Slavic: *korva
  • Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic: сръна (srŭna, roedeer) (< ḱr̥h₂n-, ḱr̥-no-)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

*ḱer- (ḱerh₁-, ḱreh₁-)

  1. to grow, increase
Descendants[edit]
  • Germanic
    • Old High German: hirsi (millet)
  • Italic
    • Latin: cresco (to grow)
  • Ancient Greek: κοῦρος (koûros, boy, young man)

Etymology 3[edit]

Root[edit]

*ḱer-

  1. to plait, weave
  2. rope, string
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Root[edit]

*ḱer- (ḱerh₁-, ḱreh₁-)

  1. to harm, injure
  2. ruined, spoiled

References[edit]