Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/ḱwṓ

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Noun[edit]

*ḱwṓ m

  1. dog

Declension[edit]

Hysterokinetic inflection.

Descendants[edit]

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: 𒆪𒉿𒀸 (kuwas) (accusative kuwanan)
    • Luwian:
      Hieroglyphic: zúwa/in(i)-
      Cuneiform:
    • Lydian: kan-
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *śwō, *śō (stem *śun-)
  • Celtic: *kū (gen. *kunos)
    • Primitive Irish: ᚉᚒᚅᚐ (cuna)
      • Old Irish: (gen. coin)
        • Irish:
        • Scottish Gaelic:
    • Brythonic:
      • Breton: ki (singular kon)
      • Cornish: ki
      • Welsh: ci (pl. cwn)
    • Gaulish: cuna
  • Dacian: kinu-
  • Germanic: *hundaz (< *ḱun-tós or *ḱwn̥-tós)
  • Hellenic:
  • Illyrian: Can-
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Italic:
    • Latin: canis
      • Ibero-Romance:
      • Gallo-Romance:
        • Catalan: ca
        • Occitan: can
        • Old French:
      • Rhaeto-Romance:
      • Italo-Romance:
      • Dalmatian: cun
      • Eastern Romance
  • Phrygian: kunes
  • Thracian: dinu-
  • Tocharian: *ku
    • Tocharian A: ku (oblique koṃ)
    • Tocharian B: ku (oblique kweṃ)