Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/dʰéǵʰōm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *dʰeǵʰ-.

Noun[edit]

*dʰéǵʰōm f (oblique stem *ǵʰm-)

  1. earth

Declension[edit]

  • Kloekhorst 2008 reconstructs the original paradigm as nom. sg. *dʰéǵʰ-m, acc. sg. *dʰǵʰ-ém-m, gen. sg. *dʰǵʰ-m-ós.

Derived terms[edit]

  • *dʰǵʰémō (earthling, human) (from extended locative *dʰǵʰm-én (on the earth))

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: dhe (< *dzō < *dʰgʰem)
  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: 𒋼𒂊𒃷 (te-e-kán [tēkan]) (gen. 𒁖𒈾𒀸 (ták-na-aš [taknas]))
    • Luwian
      • Hieroglyphic: [script needed] (takam)
      • Cuneiform: [script needed] (tijamm(i))
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ցամաք (cʿamakʿ, dry; dry land)
  • Balto-Slavic: *źemē (from the accusative *ǵʰem-m̥)
  • Celtic: *gdū (< *gdō, *gdon-)
    • Old Irish: (gen. don < *gdonos)
  • Hellenic:
  • Italic:
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Tocharian

References[edit]

  • Don Ringe, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, 2006
  • Alwin Kloekhorst (2008), Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 859f
  • “c‘amak‘” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, pages 621–623