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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *demh₂- (to build).


*dṓm f (oblique stem *dém-) (underlying */dóm-s/, via Szemerényi's law)

  1. home
  2. house


Acrostatic with o~e ablaut clearly preserved in fossilized phrase *déms pótis (master of the house), preserved in Sanskrit दम्पति (dám-pati, lord of the house), Ancient Greek δεσπότης (despótēs, lord, master) and Avestan 𐬛𐬇𐬧𐬔𐬸𐬞𐬀𐬙𐬋𐬌𐬴 (dǝ̄ṇg patōiš, master of the house).

Derived terms[edit]


  • Armenian:
  • Baltic (d- assimilated to the nasality of the following -m-)
    • Lithuanian: namas (secondary o-stem)
    • Latvian: nams (secondary o-stem)
  • Greek:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Avestan: 𐬛𐬄𐬨 (dąm)
    • Kurdish: bindav ("basement", derived from bin ground, foundation + dav)
    • Sanskrit: दम् (dám) (N sg. dā́m), दम (dáma) (secondary o-stem)
  • Italic:
    • Latin: domus (secondary o-stem, preserving the feminine gender, later changed to u-stem)
  • Slavic: *domъ (< PIE u-stem variant)