Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₁eǵʰs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

Italic, Celtic and Greek point to PIE *eḱs. Balto-Slavic *iś and *iź (either could be word-sandhi variant of the other) forms have unexplained initial *i-. However, due to aspirates in the old compounds such as ἔσχατος (éskhatos) and ἐχθός (ekhthós), a pre-form *h₁eǵʰs is needed.

Adverb[edit]

*h₁eǵʰs

  1. out

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: ith (back, backward) (obsolete, present as part of bythë), ish (former) (< ek's)
  • Baltic:
    • Latvian: iz
    • Lithuanian:
    • Old Prussian: is
  • Celtic:
  • Hellenic:
  • Italic:
    • Latin: ex
      • English: ex- (borrowed)
    • Oscan: eh-
    • Umbrian: ehe-
  • Slavic: *jьz
    • Old Church Slavonic: из (iz)
    • Russian: из (iz)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
    • Slovene: iz

References[edit]

  • Robert S. P. Beekes (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, volume I, page 433