Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₁lengʷʰ-

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₁lengʷʰ-

  1. light (not heavy)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: lehtë (< *lexta < *h₁legʷʰ-to)
  • Armenian: *h₁ln̥gʷʰ-ieh₂-
    • Old Armenian" լանջք (lanǰkʿ, breast)
  • Balto-Slavic: *lengus ~ *lingus
  • Celtic: *lagu < *legʰu (nom.), *lagʰwo (oblique) < *h₁legʰ-u̯-
    • Old Irish: laigiu "smaller" (< *lagijōs, comparative)
    • Welsh: llaw "small, low, sad" (< *lagu̯os)
    • Breton: law "miserable, bad"
  • Germanic: *linhtaz (< *h₁lengʷʰtos) (See there for further descendants.)
  • Hellenic:
  • Illyrian: lembus "light vehicle" < h₁lengʷh-os
  • Indo-Iranian: *(H)ragh(u̯)-ú- < *(H)ln̥ghu̯-ú-
    • Indic:
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: rɘuuī (f.) [script?] "agile", (superlative) rɘŋjišta
      • Ossetian: ræwæg (< *(H)raghu̯-aka- < *(H)ln̥ghu̯-oko-)
      • > Old Armenian: արագ (arag)
      • > Georgian: არაგვი (aragvi)
  • Italic: *leχwī < *legʰu < *h₁legʷʰ-u-
    • Latin: levis (see there for further descendants)
  • Tocharian: *h₁ln̥gʷʰ-ti̯o

References[edit]