Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ṓws

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a root noun or an s-stem derived from *h₂ew- (to see) with a semantic shift to "to hear" after the split of Anatolian branch.

Reconstruction[edit]

The initial laryngeal must be *h₂ to account for Latin forms auris, aus-cultō, which must reflect e-grade *h₂ews-.

Noun[edit]

*h₂ṓws (oblique stem *h₂éws-)

  1. ear

Declension[edit]

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

  • Acrostatic singular, amphikinetic plural
  • Nominative: *h₂óws-s > *h₂ṓws
  • Genitive: *h₂éws-s > *h₂ḗws, or *h₂usós
  • Dual: *h₂(e)usih₁
  • Collective plural: *h₂éw(s)ōs, genitive *h₂u(s)-s-és

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian: vesh
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *auš-
  • Celtic:
    • Old Irish: au
      • Middle Irish: ó
  • Germanic: *ausô
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian:
    • Indo-Aryan:
    • Iranian:
      • Avestan: [script needed] du (uši)
      • Kurdish: hiş
      • Manichaean Middle Persian: [script needed] (hōš)
      • Middle Persian: ʾwš (ōš)
      • → Old Armenian: ուշ ()
  • Italic:
    • Latin: auris, auricula (diminutive) (See there for further descendants.)

References[edit]