Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₃dónts

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

This noun is usually reconstructed with the initial *h₁ and thus explained as active participle of the verb *h₁ed- (to eat). However, Aeolic ἔδοντες (édontes) appears to be folk-etymological adaptation to ἔδω (édō), and the initial ἔ- is hence no evidence for *h₁-. To *h₃- also point Old Armenian ատամն (atamn), as well as a prefixed Greek derivative νωδός (nōdós), which requires *n̥-h₃d- (where */h₃/ was regularly vocalized to ό in interconsonantal position). Thus, this is ultimately an active participle of the root *h₃ed- (to bite).

Noun[edit]

*h₃dónts, *h₃dénts m

  1. tooth

Declension[edit]

Hysterokinetic inflection.

Descendants[edit]