Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/h₃ésth₁

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

The original form was a neuter root noun, as can be seen from Latin os and Avestan [script?] (ast-). In the rest of the daughters, the noun has been transferred to various vocalic stems.

Medial -th- in Sanskrit अस्थि (asthi) requires root of the form *HestH (the initial laryngeal is there to account for the canonical shape of Proto-Indo-European root). Latin reflex requires initial laryngeal to be *h₃, and Ancient Greek ὀστέον (ostéon) points to *h₁ as the root-final laryngeal.

Celtic forms require initial laryngeal to be #h₂-, so this noun is sometimes[1] reconstructed to have paradigm *h₂óst(h₁) ~ *h₂ést(h₁)s.

Noun[edit]

*h₃ésth₁, *h₂óst(h₁), *h₂ést(h₁) n

  1. bone

Declension[edit]

Acrostatic ablauting paradigm.

This entry needs an inflection-table template.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Steinbauer and Schrijver

References[edit]