Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/pénkʷe

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually explained as a derivation from the words for "fist" and "finger":

According to Horowitz, ultimately all of these forms may go back to a verbal stem *penkʷ- (to take in hand, to handle), but which is not attested in any of the daughter languages. According to Blažek (1999: 229) however, the meanings “fist”, etc. are primary.

Numeral[edit]

cardinal number
5
Previous: *kʷetwóres
Next: *swéḱs

*pénkʷe

  1. five

Declension[edit]

Uninflected.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Blažek, Václav. 1999. Numerals. Comparative-Etymological Analysis and their Implications. Brno: Masarykova Univerzita v Brně