Appendix:Proto-Polynesian/haŋafulu

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This Proto-Polynesian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Polynesian[edit]

Proto-Polynesian cardinal numbers
9 10  
    Cardinal : haŋafulu

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *puluq (for the root; see below).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˌha.ŋaˈfu.lu/

Numeral[edit]

*haŋafulu

  1. ten

Descendants[edit]

Notes[edit]

This word seems to be composed of a marker (*haŋa-) and a root (*-fulu). The Samoan sefulu shows that some languages have used the root but abandoned the marker. The Tongic languages tend to treat the root as being *-ŋafulu, but the existence of the irregular Tongan word uofulu (twenty), from *rua plus a suffix, testifies to the original root being simply (*-fulu). The marker is particular to Polynesian languages; the root derives from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *puluq.