Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/(t)sam

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *sram (Coblin, 1986); *tsɑ̂m ~ sɑ̂m (Chou, 1972)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *tsam ⪤ sam (Matisoff, STEDT; Michailovsky, 1991); *tsɑm (Chou, 1972); *tsam (Benedict, 1972); *tsâm / tsam / sâm (Weidert, 1987); *tsam (*A) (Coblin, 1986)

Noun[edit]

  1. hair (of the head)

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: , /*sˁram/ (Baxter-Sagart); /*sroːm, *slom/ (Zhengzhang Shangfang)
    • Middle Chinese: , /ʃɣam, siᴇm/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: , ("long hair") (shān, /ʂan⁵⁵/)
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin
      /*sham/ ("hair (head)") (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: sam (hair (of the head))
  • Himalayish
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ဆံ (hcam, hair (of head))

See also[edit]