Appendix:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/g-jak ~ g-jaŋ

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *g-ya(k/ŋ) (Matisoff, STEDT)

Noun[edit]

Domestic yak (Bos grunniens)

*g-jak ~ g-jaŋ

  1. sheep, yak

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*ɢaŋ/ (B-S), /*laŋ/ (ZS) ("sheep, goat")
    (in the oracle bone script) 羊-oracle.svg
    • Middle Chinese: /jɨɐŋ/

         Japanese:   (よう, )
            Korean:   (yang) (, yang)
            Vietnamese:  dương

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (yáng, /iɑŋ³⁵/)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: གཡག (g.yag, yak)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Naxi: sheep
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Bola: /jɔ̃⁵⁵/ (goat)
      • Loloish:
        /*ʒo¹/ ("sheep") (Bradley, 1979)
  • Bai
    • Bai: yon (sheep)